Harrison H Barrett
- Professor, Optical Sciences
- Regents Professor
- Professor, Medical Imaging
- Professor, Applied Mathematics - GIDP
Dr. Barrett received a bachelor's degree in physics from Virginia Polytechnic Institute in 1960, a master's degree in physics from MIT in 1962, and a Ph.D. in applied physics from Harvard in 1969. He worked for the Raytheon Research Division until 1974, when he came to the University of Arizona. He is a professor in the College of Medicine and the College of Optical Sciences, and he has appointments in Applied Mathematics, Biomedical Engineering and the Arizona Cancer Center. In 1983 he served as acting director of the Optical Sciences Center, and in 1990 he was named a Regents Professor. He is a fellow of the Optical Society of America, the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, the American Physical Society and the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering. He has 25 U. S. patents and approximately 300 technical papers, and 58 students have received Ph.D. degrees under his direction. His awards include a Humboldt Prize, the 2000 IEEE Medical Imaging Scientist Award, an E. T. S. Walton Award from Science Foundation Ireland, and the 2005 C. E. K. Mees Medal from the Optical Society of America. He is the 2011 recipient of the IEEE Medal for Innovations in Healthcare Technology and also the 2011 recipient of the SPIE Gold Medal of the Society.
His current research is in image science, with applications in medicine and astronomy. He is director of the Center for Gamma-ray Imaging, an NIH-funded research resource that develops state-of-the art instruments for radiotracer studies of small animals. He is also active in developing new methods for the assessment and optimization of image quality and in applying parallel computers to imaging. In collaboration with Kyle J. Myers, he has written a book entitled Foundations of Image Science, which in 2006 was awarded the First Biennial J. W. Goodman Book Writing Award from OSA and SPIE.
- Other Doctor Honoris Causa
- University of Ghent, Belgium
- Ph.D. Applied Physics
- Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
- M.S. Physics
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts
- B.S. Physics
- Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksbug, Virginia
- Professor, Program in Biomedical Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (2006 - Ongoing)
- Vice Chair for Research, Department of Radiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (2005 - 2009)
- Regents Professor, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (1990 - Ongoing)
- Professor, Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (1988 - Ongoing)
- Professor, Program in Applied Mathematics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (1986 - Ongoing)
- Acting Director, College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (1983)
- Professor, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (1976 - 1990)
- Associate Professor, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (1974 - 1976)
- Principal Research Scientist, Raytheon Research Division (1973 - 1974)
- Project Leader, Raytheon Research Division (1971 - 1974)
- Senior Research Scientist, Raytheon Research Division (1968 - 1973)
- Research Scientist, Raytheon Research Division (1962 - 1968)
- Elected Fellow of SPIE
- SPIE, Fall 2016
- Paul C. Aebersold Award
- Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Summer 2014
- National Academy of Engineering
- National Academy of Engineering, Spring 2014
Image ScienceSPECT, PET and CT imagingMolecular imaging in cancer and cardiovascular diseaseTheoretical and psychophysical investigations of image qualityApplications of parallel computing in imagingAstronomical imaging and adaptive opticsOptical metrology with maximum-likelihood methodsCharged-particle imaging Digital radiology and telemedicine in remote regionsRadiation dose, patient risk and image qualityQuantum imaging
HolographyOptical Data ProcessingRadiological ImagingAdvanced Radiological ImagingMathematical Methods for Optics (introductory level)Mathematical Methods for Optics (advanced level)Mathematical Optics LaboratoryQuantum OpticsSolid State OpticsStatistical OpticsQuantum and Solid-state OpticsElectromagnetic Theory for OpticsPrinciples of Image ScienceNoise in Imaging SystemsOptical ZingersPhysical OpticsIntroduction to Image ScienceImaging Physics and DevicesRadiometry, Sources and Detectors (graduate and undergraduate levels)
Intro to Image ScienceOPTI 536 (Spring 2019)
Image Science for OncologyOPTI 639 (Fall 2018)
DissertationMATH 920 (Spring 2018)
Intro to Image ScienceOPTI 536 (Spring 2018)
DissertationMATH 920 (Fall 2017)
ThesisOPTI 910 (Fall 2017)
DissertationMATH 920 (Spring 2017)
DissertationMATH 920 (Fall 2016)
DissertationPHYS 920 (Fall 2016)
- Barrett, H. H., Caucci, L., & Ding, Y. (2017). Charged-particle emission tomography. Medical Physics.
- Henscheid, N., Meyers, K. J., Clarkson, E., & Barrett, H. H. (2017). Physiological random processes in precision cancer therapy. PLOS ONE.
- Ding, Y., Caucci, L., & Barrett, H. H. (2017). Null functions in three-dimensional imaging of alpha and beta particles. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 15807.
- Barrett, H. H., Alberts, D. S., Woolfenden, J. M., Caucci, L., & Hoppin, J. W. (2016). Therapy operating characteristic curves: tools for precision chemotherapy. Journal of medical imaging (Bellingham, Wash.), 3(2), 023502.More infoThe therapy operating characteristic (TOC) curve, developed in the context of radiation therapy, is a plot of the probability of tumor control versus the probability of normal-tissue complications as the overall radiation dose level is varied, e.g., by varying the beam current in external-beam radiotherapy or the total injected activity in radionuclide therapy. This paper shows how TOC can be applied to chemotherapy with the administered drug dosage as the variable. The area under a TOC curve (AUTOC) can be used as a figure of merit for therapeutic efficacy, analogous to the area under an ROC curve (AUROC), which is a figure of merit for diagnostic efficacy. In radiation therapy, AUTOC can be computed for a single patient by using image data along with radiobiological models for tumor response and adverse side effects. The mathematical analogy between response of observers to images and the response of tumors to distributions of a chemotherapy drug is exploited to obtain linear discriminant functions from which AUTOC can be calculated. Methods for using mathematical models of drug delivery and tumor response with imaging data to estimate patient-specific parameters that are needed for calculation of AUTOC are outlined. The implications of this viewpoint for clinical trials are discussed.
- Bora, V., Barrett, H. H., Fastje, D., Clarkson, E., Furenlid, L., Bousselham, A., Shah, K. S., & Glodo, J. (2016). Estimation of Fano factor in inorganic scintillators. Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research. Section A, Accelerators, spectrometers, detectors and associated equipment, 805, 72-86.More infoThe Fano factor of an integer-valued random variable is defined as the ratio of its variance to its mean. Correlation between the outputs of two photomultiplier tubes on opposite faces of a scintillation crystal was used to estimate the Fano factor of photoelectrons and scintillation photons. Correlations between the integrals of the detector outputs were used to estimate the photoelectron and photon Fano factor for YAP:Ce, SrI2:Eu and CsI:Na scintillator crystals. At 662 keV, SrI2:Eu was found to be sub-Poisson, while CsI:Na and YAP:Ce were found to be super-Poisson. An experiment setup inspired from the Hanbury Brown and Twiss experiment was used to measure the correlations as a function of time between the outputs of two photomultiplier tubes looking at the same scintillation event. A model of the scintillation and the detection processes was used to generate simulated detector outputs as a function of time for different values of Fano factor. The simulated outputs from the model for different Fano factors was compared to the experimentally measured detector outputs to estimate the Fano factor of the scintillation photons for YAP:Ce, LaBr3:Ce scintillator crystals. At 662 keV, LaBr3:Ce was found to be sub-Poisson, while YAP:Ce was found to be close to Poisson.
- Caucci, L., Myers, K. J., & Barrett, H. H. (2016). Radiance and photon noise: imaging in geometrical optics, physical optics, quantum optics and radiology. Optical Engineering, 55(1), 013102. doi:10.1117/1.OE.55.1.013102.
- Clarkson, E., & Barrett, H. H. (2016). Characteristic functionals in imaging and image-quality assessment: tutorial. Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision, 33(8), 1464-75.More infoCharacteristic functionals are one of the main analytical tools used to quantify the statistical properties of random fields and generalized random fields. The viewpoint taken here is that a random field is the correct model for the ensemble of objects being imaged by a given imaging system. In modern digital imaging systems, random fields are not used to model the reconstructed images themselves since these are necessarily finite dimensional. After a brief introduction to the general theory of characteristic functionals, many examples relevant to imaging applications are presented. The propagation of characteristic functionals through both a binned and list-mode imaging system is also discussed. Methods for using characteristic functionals and image data to estimate population parameters and classify populations of objects are given. These methods are based on maximum likelihood and maximum a posteriori techniques in spaces generated by sampling the relevant characteristic functionals through the imaging operator. It is also shown how to calculate a Fisher information matrix in this space. These estimators and classifiers, and the Fisher information matrix, can then be used for image quality assessment of imaging systems.