Jana M U'Ren
- Assistant Professor, Ecosystem Genomics
- Assistant Professor, Agricultural-Biosystems Engineering
- Assistant Professor, BIO5 Institute
- Assistant Professor, Genetics - GIDP
- Assistant Professor, Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences
- Member of the Graduate Faculty
I study the biodiversity, biogeography, evolutionary origins, and ecological roles of plant-associated microorganisms. I use a combination of traditional culture-based microbiology, functional assays, and next-generation 'omics tools to study microbial symbiont communities in diverse lineages of land plants at scales ranging from local to global. I am interested in characterizing the biotic and abiotic factors shaping the assembly of plant-associated fungal communities, how community structure and diversity impacts ecosystem function, and the evolutionary dynamics of fungal symbiont evolution in the context of closely related pathogens and saprotrophs.
- Ph.D. Plant Pathology and Microbiology
- The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States
- Host-, Geographic-, and Ecological Specificity of Endophytic and Endolichenic Fungal Communities
- B.A. Biological Sciences
- University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, United States
- The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (2017 - Ongoing)
- The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (2015 - 2017)
- The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (2011 - 2015)
- The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (2011 - 2015)
- Team Award for Excellence: Biosphere 2 Water, Atmosphere, and Life Dynamics (WALD)
- The University of Arizona, Spring 2020
Microbial genomics, metagenomics, microbial ecology, phylogenetics, evolutionary biology.
Microbial genomics, metagenomics, data analytics, microbial ecology.
Intro to Biosystems AnalyticsBAT 310 (Fall 2021)
Intro to Biosystems AnalyticsBE 310 (Fall 2021)
ThesisBE 910 (Fall 2021)
Honors ThesisMIC 498H (Spring 2021)
Research MethodsBE 501 (Spring 2021)
ThesisBE 910 (Spring 2021)
Directed ResearchMCB 792 (Fall 2020)
Honors ThesisMIC 498H (Fall 2020)
MetagenomicsBE 487 (Fall 2020)
MetagenomicsBE 587 (Fall 2020)
ThesisBE 910 (Fall 2020)
Intro to Biosystems AnalyticsBE 310 (Spring 2020)
Directed RsrchMCB 492 (Fall 2019)
Independent StudyBE 499 (Fall 2019)
MetagenomicsBE 587 (Fall 2019)
Directed ResearchBE 492 (Summer I 2019)
Honors Independent StudyMIC 399H (Spring 2019)
Honors ThesisMCB 498H (Spring 2019)
Renewable Nat ResourcesRNR 696A (Spring 2019)
Honors Independent StudyMIC 399H (Fall 2018)
Honors ThesisMCB 498H (Fall 2018)
MetagenomicsABE 487 (Fall 2018)
MetagenomicsABE 587 (Fall 2018)
Directed ResearchABE 492 (Spring 2018)
Honors Independent StudyMCB 399H (Spring 2018)
InternshipABE 493 (Spring 2018)
- Apprill, A., Miller, C. A., Van Cise, A. M., U'Ren, J. M., Leslie, M. S., Weber, L., Baird, R. W., Robbins, J., Landry, S., Bogomolni, A., & Waring, G. (2020). Marine mammal skin microbiotas are influenced by host phylogeny. Royal Society open science, 7(5), 192046.More infoSkin-associated microorganisms have been shown to play a role in immune function and disease of humans, but are understudied in marine mammals, a diverse animal group that serve as sentinels of ocean health. We examined the microbiota associated with 75 epidermal samples opportunistically collected from nine species within four marine mammal families, including: Balaenopteridae (sei and fin whales), Phocidae (harbour seal), Physeteridae (sperm whales) and Delphinidae (bottlenose dolphins, pantropical spotted dolphins, rough-toothed dolphins, short-finned pilot whales and melon-headed whales). The skin was sampled from free-ranging animals in Hawai'i (Pacific Ocean) and off the east coast of the United States (Atlantic Ocean), and the composition of the bacterial community was examined using the sequencing of partial small subunit (SSU) ribosomal RNA genes. Skin microbiotas were significantly different among host species and taxonomic families, and microbial community distance was positively correlated with mitochondrial-based host genetic divergence. The oceanic location could play a role in skin microbiota variation, but skin from species sampled in both locations is necessary to determine this influence. These data suggest that a phylosymbiotic relationship may exist between microbiota and their marine mammal hosts, potentially providing specific health and immune-related functions that contribute to the success of these animals in diverse ocean ecosystems.
- Selbmann, L., Benkő, Z., Coleine, C., de Hoog, S., Donati, C., Druzhinina, I., Emri, T., Ettinger, C. L., Gladfelter, A. S., Gorbushina, A. A., Grigoriev, I. V., Grube, M., Gunde-Cimerman, N., Karányi, Z. Á., Kocsis, B., Kubressoian, T., Miklós, I., Miskei, M., Muggia, L., , Northen, T., et al. (2020). Shed Light in the DaRk LineagES of the Fungal Tree of Life-STRES. Life (Basel, Switzerland), 10(12).More infoThe polyphyletic group of black fungi within the Ascomycota (Arthoniomycetes, Dothideomycetes, and Eurotiomycetes) is ubiquitous in natural and anthropogenic habitats. Partly because of their dark, melanin-based pigmentation, black fungi are resistant to stresses including UV- and ionizing-radiation, heat and desiccation, toxic metals, and organic pollutants. Consequently, they are amongst the most stunning extremophiles and poly-extreme-tolerant organisms on Earth. Even though ca. 60 black fungal genomes have been sequenced to date, [mostly in the family Herpotrichiellaceae (Eurotiomycetes)], the class Dothideomycetes that hosts the largest majority of extremophiles has only been sparsely sampled. By sequencing up to 92 species that will become reference genomes, the "Shed light in The daRk lineagES of the fungal tree of life" (STRES) project will cover a broad collection of black fungal diversity spread throughout the Fungal Tree of Life. Interestingly, the STRES project will focus on mostly unsampled genera that display different ecologies and life-styles (e.g., ant- and lichen-associated fungi, rock-inhabiting fungi, etc.). With a resequencing strategy of 10- to 15-fold depth coverage of up to ~550 strains, numerous new reference genomes will be established. To identify metabolites and functional processes, these new genomic resources will be enriched with metabolomics analyses coupled with transcriptomics experiments on selected species under various stress conditions (salinity, dryness, UV radiation, oligotrophy). The data acquired will serve as a reference and foundation for establishing an encyclopedic database for fungal metagenomics as well as the biology, evolution, and ecology of the fungi in extreme environments.
- Xu, Y. M., Arnold, A. E., URen, J. M., Xuan, L. J., Wang, W. Q., & Gunatilaka, A. A. (2020). Teratopyrones A–C, Dimeric Naphtho-γ-Pyrones and other metabolites from Teratosphaeria sp. AK1128, a fungal endophyte of Equisetum arvense. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(21).More infoBioassay-guided fractionation of a cytotoxic extract derived from a solid potato dextrose agar (PDA) culture of sp. AK1128, a fungal endophyte of , afforded three new naphtho-γ-pyrone dimers, teratopyrones A-C (-), together with five known naphtho-γ-pyrones, aurasperone B (), aurasperone C (), aurasperone F (), nigerasperone A (), and fonsecin B (), and two known diketopiperazines, asperazine () and isorugulosuvine (). The structures of - were determined on the basis of their spectroscopic data. Cytotoxicity assay revealed that nigerasperone A () was moderately active against the cancer cell lines PC-3M (human metastatic prostate cancer), NCI-H460 (human non-small cell lung cancer), SF-268 (human CNS glioma), and MCF-7 (human breast cancer), with ICs ranging from 2.37 to 4.12 μM while other metabolites exhibited no cytotoxic activity up to a concentration of 5.0 μM.
- Carbone, I., White, J. B., Miadlikowska, J., Arnold, A. E., Miller, M. A., Magain, N., Uren, J. M., & Lutzoni, F. (2019). T-BAS Version 2.1: Tree-Based Alignment Selector toolkit for evolutionary placement of DNA sequences and viewing alignments and specimen metadata on curated and custom trees. Microbiology Resource Announcements. doi:10.1128/MRA.00328-19
- Dietzel, K., Valle, D., Fierer, N., U'Ren, J. M., & Barberan, A. (2019). Geographical Distribution of Fungal Plant Pathogens in Dust Across the United States. FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 7.
- Taylor, M. J., Mannan, R. W., U'Ren, J. M., Garber, N. P., Gallery, R. E., & Arnold, A. E. (2019). Age-related variation in the oral microbiome of urban Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii). BMC MICROBIOLOGY, 19.
- U'Ren, J. M., Lutzoni, F., Miadlikowska, J., Zimmerman, N. B., Carbone, I., May, G., & Arnold, A. E. (2019). Host availability drives distributions of fungal endophytes in the imperilled boreal realm. NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, 3(10), 1430-1437.
- Uren, J. M., Harrington, A., del Olmo-Ruiz, M., Garcia, K., Sandberg, D., Huang, Y., Hoffman, M. T., & Arnold, A. E. (2019). Coniochaeta endophytica sp. nov., a foliar endophyte associated with healthy photosynthetic tissue of Platycladus orientalis (Cupressaceae). Plant and Fungal Systematics, 64, 65–79. doi:10.2478/pfs-2019-0008
- Huang, Y., Bowman, E. A., Massimo, N., Garber, N. P., Uren, J. M., Sandberg, D. C., & Arnold, A. E. (2018). Using collections data to infer biogeographic, environmental, and host structure in communities of endophytic fungi. Mycologia. doi:doi: 10.1080/00275514.2018.1442078.
- Padumadasa, C., Xu, Y., Wijeratne, E. K., Espinosa-Artiles, P., Uren, J. M., Arnold, A. E., & Gunatilaka, L. (2018). Cytotoxic and Other Metabolites from Teratosphaeria sp. FL2137, a fungus associated with foliage of Pinus clausa. Journal of Natural Products. doi:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.7b00838
- Carbone, I., White, J. B., Miadlikowska, J., Arnold, A. E., Miller, M. A., Kauff, F., U'Ren, J. M., May, G., & Lutzoni, F. (2017). T-BAS: Tree-Based Alignment Selector toolkit for phylogenetic-based placement, alignment downloads and metadata visualization: an example with the Pezizomycotina tree of life. BIOINFORMATICS, 33(8), 1160-1168.
- Hurwitz, B. L., Ponsero, A., Thorton, Jr., J., & Uren, J. M. (2017). Phage hunters: Computational strategies for finding phages in large-scale 'omics datasets. Virus Research, Volume 244, 110-115. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2017.10.019
- Sarmiento, C., Zalamea, P., Dalling, J. W., Davis, A. S., Stump, S. M., U'Ren, J. M., & Arnold, A. E. (2017). Soilborne fungi have host affinity and host-specific effects on seed germination and survival in a lowland tropical forest. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 114(43), 11458-11463.
- Shaffer, J. P., U'Ren, J. M., Gallery, R. E., Baltrus, D. A., & Arnold, A. E. (2017). An Endohyphal Bacterium (Chitinophaga, Bacteroidetes) Alters Carbon Source Use by Fusarium keratoplasticum(F-solani Species Complex, Nectriaceae). FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY, 8.
- Ponsero, A., Uren, J. M., Magain, N., Miadlikowska, J., Lutzoni, F., & Hurwitz, B. L. (2020, December). Metagenomic exploration of lichen thalli reveals novel viral communities. In American Geophysical Union Fall 2020.
- Uren, J. M. (2020, January). Phylogenetic Insights into the Endophyte Symbiosis using PacBio Ribosomal DNA Sequencing.. International Plant and Animal Genome Conference XXVIII. San Diego, CA.
- Uren, J. M. (2019, January). Microbial Communities in the Phyllosphere of B2-TRF. Biosphere 2 Tropical Rainforest WALD Research Workshop. Biosphere 2: University of Arizona.
- Uren, J. M. (2019, July). Circumglobal diversity and distributions of endophytic fungi in boreal plants and lichens.. Early Career Investigator Symposium, "Life at the Edge", Botanical Society of America Meeting. Tucson, AZ: International Association for Plant Taxonomy,.
- Uren, J. M. (2019, November). Linking phyllosphere fungal communities to functional traits. Northern Arizona University, Department of Biology, Fall Seminar Series. Flagstaff, AZ: Northern Arizona University.
- Uren, J. M., Nickerson, M., Moore, L. P., Endara, L., & Burleigh, J. G. (2019, August). Influence of host phylogeny and leaf chemistry on foliar endophytic communities of Quercus.. Mycological Society of America Annual Meeting. St. Paul, MN: Mycological Society of America.
- Uren, J. M. (2018, November). Linking phyllosphere fungal community assembly, evolutionary history, and metabolic diversity to ecosystem function. Ecosystem Genomics Seminar. BIO5.
- Uren, J. M. (2018, September). Linking Endophyte Community Assembly, Evolutionary History, and Functional Traits. Microbial Ecology and Evolution in the Phyllosphere. Santa Barbara, CA: Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California Santa-Barbara.
- Uren, J. M., Carbone, I., & Arnold, A. E. (2018, July). Merging endophytes into the Xylariceae tree of life: insights gained from large-scale multilocus phylogenetic analyses. International Mycological Congress. San Juan, Puerto Rico.More infoWorkshop at IMC on Xylariaceae
- Uren, J. M., Nickerson, M., Moore, L. P., Endara, L., & Burleigh, J. G. (2019, March). Influence of host phylogeny and leaf chemistry on foliar endophytic communities of Quercus.. 30th Fungal Genetics Meeting. Asilomar, CA: Genetics Society of America.
- Uren, J. M., Wisecaver, J., & Arnold, A. E. (2019, March). Comparative and population genomics of endophytic Xylariaceae. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute Genomics of Energy and the Environment. San Francisco, CA: Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute.
- Arnold, A. E., Uren, J. M., Trouet, V. M., & Oita, S. (2018, August). Relationships of foliar endophyte communities in Picea mariana to tree age, biomass, and latitude. International Symbiosis Society.
- Barberan, A., Dietzel, K., Valle, D., & Uren, J. M. (2018, August). Understanding the geographical distribution of fungal plant pathogens. 17th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology. Leipzig, Germany.
- Young, J. C., Meredith, L., Sengupta, A., Van Haren, J. L., Uren, J. M., Uren, J. M., Sengupta, A., Van Haren, J. L., Young, J. C., & Meredith, L. (2017, Dec). Microbial drivers of spatial heterogeneity of nitrous oxide pulse dynamics following drought in an experimental tropical rainforest. AGU International Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA.More infoNitrous oxide (N2O) is a long-lived, potent greenhouse gas with increasing atmospheric concentrations. Soil microbes in agricultural and natural ecosystems are the dominant source of N2O, which involves complex interactions between N-cycling microbes, metabolisms, soil properties, and plants. Tropical rainforests are the largest natural source of N2O, however the microbial and environmental drivers are poorly understood as few studies have been performed in these environments. Thus, there is an urgent need for further research to fill in knowledge gaps regarding tropical N-cycling, and the response of soil microbial communities to changes in precipitation patterns, temperature, nitrogen deposition, and land use. To address this data gap, we performed a whole-forest drought in the tropical rainforest biome in Biosphere 2 (B2) and analyzed connections between soil microbes, forest heterogeneity, and N2O emissions. The B2 rainforest is the hottest tropical rainforest on Earth, and is an important model system for studying the response of tropical forests to warming with controlled experimentation. In this study, we measured microbial community abundance and diversity profiles (16S rRNA and ITS2 amplicon sequencing) along with their association with soil properties (e.g. pH, C, N) during the drought and rewetting at five locations (3 depths), including regions that have been previously characterized with high and low N2O drought pulse dynamics (van Haren et al., 2005). In this study, we present the spatial distribution of soil microbial communities within the rainforest at Biosphere 2 and their correlations with edaphic factors. In particular, we focus on microbial, soil, and plant factors that drive high and low N2O pulse zones. As in the past, we found that N2O emissions were highest in response to rewetting in a zone hypothesized to be rich in nutrients from a nearby sugar palm. We will characterize microbial indicator species and nitrogen cycling genes to better resolve N cycling across the forest. Understanding how N2O formation is mediated by soil microbes in response to drought in tropical rainforests is challenging given the great diversity of microbial communities and metabolisms involved, but is critical for understanding the source of global increases in atmospheric N2O.