- Assistant Research Professor, Public Health
- Member of the Graduate Faculty
- Ph.D. Health Services Research, Policy & Administration
- University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado, United States
- The Effects of Medicare Coverage Expansions on Healthcare Disparities in Dementia Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment
- MPH Epidemiology
- Colorado School of Public Health, Denver, Colorado, United States
- The Association between PPAR-γ Pro12Ala Genotype and Cognitive Decline
- B.S. Psychology (major), Ecology & Evolutionary Biology (minor)
- University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States
- A.A. Liberal Arts
- Pima Community College, Tucson, Arizona, United States
- University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (2020 - Ongoing)
- Macquarie University Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research (2017 - 2020)
- University of Colorado School of Medicine (2015 - 2017)
- University of Colorado Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health (2014 - 2015)
- University of Colorado Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health (2011 - 2014)
- Honorary Research Fellow
- Macquarie University, Summer 2020
- 2019 Publication Prize
- Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Winter 2019
- Macquarie University Early Career Researcher Group, Winter 2019
- Finalist: Scientific Paper of the Year 2019
- The Minnies, Fall 2019 (Award Finalist)
- Academy Health Annual Research Meeting Best Student Poster 2017
- Academy Health, Summer 2017 (Award Finalist)
- Performance Award: Arizona Research Laboratories Group Excellence Award 2010
- University of Arizona, Spring 2010
Chronic disease epidemiology, healthcare utilization, outcomes and health policy. Disparities research.
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- Donzella, S. M., Lind, K. E., Skiba, M. B., Farland, L. V., Thomson, C. A., Werts, S. J., Bell, M. L., LeBlanc, E., Weitlauf, J. C., Hery, C. M., Naughton, M. J., Mortimer, J., & Crane, T. E. (2022). The relationship between sleep and weight change among women diagnosed with breast cancer participating in the Women's Health Initiative. Breast cancer research and treatment.More infoShort and long sleep duration and poor sleep quality are risk factors for weight gain and cancer mortality. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between sleep and weight change among postmenopausal breast cancer survivors.
- Lind, K. E., Hildreth, K., Lindrooth, R., Morrato, E., Crane, L. A., & Perraillon, M. C. (2021). The effect of direct cognitive assessment in the Medicare annual wellness visit on dementia diagnosis rates. Health services research.More infoTo evaluate the relationship between direct cognitive assessment introduced with the Medicare Annual Wellness Visit (AWV) and new diagnoses of dementia, and to determine if effects vary by race.
- Ludlow, K., Westbrook, J., Jorgensen, M., Lind, K. E., Baysari, M. T., Gray, L. C., Day, R. O., Ratcliffe, J., Lord, S. R., Georgiou, A., Braithwaite, J., Raban, M. Z., Close, J., Beattie, E., Zheng, W. Y., Debono, D., Nguyen, A., Siette, J., Seaman, K., , Miao, M., et al. (2021). Co-designing a dashboard of predictive analytics and decision support to drive care quality and client outcomes in aged care: a mixed-method study protocol. BMJ open, 11(8), e048657.More infoThere is a clear need for improved care quality and quality monitoring in aged care. Aged care providers collect an abundance of data, yet rarely are these data integrated and transformed in real-time into actionable information to support evidence-based care, nor are they shared with older people and informal caregivers. This protocol describes the co-design and testing of a dashboard in residential aged care facilities (nursing or care homes) and community-based aged care settings (formal care provided at home or in the community). The dashboard will comprise integrated data to provide an 'at-a-glance' overview of aged care clients, indicators to identify clients at risk of fall-related hospitalisations and poor quality of life, and evidence-based decision support to minimise these risks. Longer term plans for dashboard implementation and evaluation are also outlined.
- O'Connell, J. M., Rockell, J. E., Ouellet, J. C., Yoder, S., Lind, K. E., Wilson, C., Friedson, A., & Manson, S. M. (2021). The Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease and Other Comorbidities Among American Indian and Alaska Native Adults with Diabetes. EC endocrinology and metabolic research, 6(2), 5-20.More infoAmerican Indians and Alaska Native (AI/ANs) peoples experience significant health disparities compared to the U.S. general population. We report comorbidities among AI/ANs with diabetes to guide efforts to improve their health status.
- Seaman, K. L., Jorgensen, M. L., Raban, M. Z., Lind, K. E., Bell, J. S., & Westbrook, J. I. (2021). Transforming routinely collected residential aged care provider data into timely information: Current and future directions. Australasian journal on ageing, 40(3), e262-e268.More infoElectronic information systems are becoming increasingly common in residential aged care in Australia. These systems contain valuable data generated during day-to-day care delivery for older adults. These data (termed 'routinely collected residential aged care provider data') are currently underutilised, however have potential significant benefits for both care delivery and research purposes. Routinely collected residential aged care provider data are more readily accessible, contain up-to-date information and can be linked to existing national or state-based administrative data sets, while providing more granular details about care delivered at the coalface. The aim of this paper is to provide clinicians, researchers, policymakers and providers with an understanding of the strengths of these types of data, as well as identifying areas that require future development to maximise their potential to drive improvements in resident care and outcomes. These considerations include data quality, data standardisation and models for data governance, consent and consumer involvement.
- Gimarc, D., Jensen, A., Lind, K., & Jesse, M. K. (2020). Radiculopathy Following Vertebral Body Compression Fracture: The Role of Percutaneous Cement Augmentation. Pain physician, 23(3), 315-324.More infoVertebral cement augmentation is a commonly used procedure in patients with vertebral body compression fractures from primary or secondary osteoporosis, metastatic disease, or trauma. Many of these patients present with radiculopathy as a presenting symptom, and can experience symptomatic relief following the procedure.
- Lind, K. E. (2020). Highlighting the Need for Action Regarding Persistent Sex Bias in Research. JAMA internal medicine, 180(1), 164-165.
- Lind, K. E., Jorgensen, M., Stowers, C., & Brookes, M. (2020). HealthPathways: a detailed analysis of utilisation trends in the northern Sydney region. Australian journal of primary health, 26(4), 338-343.More infoThis study developed a model for using Google Analytics (GA) data to evaluate utilisation trends of the Sydney North HealthPathways portal. HealthPathways GA data merged with dates of page localisations and promotional events from March 2017 through June 2018 were analysed to evaluate engagement and use of HealthPathways, integration into clinical practice and how HealthPathways is used. Descriptive statistics and plots were generated for each clinical stream and page for the number of users per month (total, new and return users), mean time on page, navigation and search terms. The number of page views, new users and return users increased during the study period. Each clinical stream had between 26 and 2508 views, with a median of 199 views (interquartile range 84-461 views). Individual pages had 0-12388 total views. Return users visited seven times on average. Most usage occurred between mid-morning and mid-afternoon. Diabetes was the most frequently viewed and searched clinical stream, followed by palliative care. These streams had the greatest number of promotional events. Increasing use of and interaction with HealthPathways suggests that it is a useful tool to support clinical practice among northern Sydney primary care providers.
- Lind, K. E., Raban, M. Z., Brett, L., Jorgensen, M. L., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. I. (2020). Measuring the prevalence of 60 health conditions in older Australians in residential aged care with electronic health records: a retrospective dynamic cohort study. BMC Population health metrics, 18(1), 25.More infoThe number of older Australians using aged care services is increasing, yet there is an absence of reliable data on their health. Multimorbidity in this population has not been well described. A clear picture of the health status of people using aged care is essential for informing health practice and policy to support evidence-based, equitable, high-quality care. Our objective was to describe the health status of older Australians living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) and develop a model for monitoring health conditions using data from electronic health record systems.
- Nguyen, A. D., Lind, K. E., Day, R. O., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. I. (2020). A profile of health status and demographics of aged care facility residents with gout. Australasian journal on ageing, 39(1), e153-e161.More infoTo estimate gout prevalence and examine associated factors in residential aged care facilities.
- Raban, M. Z., & Lind, K. E. (2020). Nudging: can letters to GPs reduce antipsychotics in aged care?. MJA Insight+.
- Raban, M. Z., Lind, K. E., Day, R. O., Gray, L., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. I. (2020). Trends, determinants and differences in antibiotic use in 68 residential aged care homes in Australia, 2014-2017: a longitudinal analysis of electronic health record data. BMC health services research, 20(1), 883.More infoInternationally, point prevalence surveys are the main source of antibiotic use data in residential aged care (RAC). Our objective was to describe temporal trends in antibiotic use and antibiotics flagged for restricted use, resident characteristics associated with use, and variation in use by RAC home, using electronic health record data.
- Lind, K. E., & Flug, J. A. (2019). Sociodemographic Variation in the Use of Conservative Therapy Before MRI of the Lumbar Spine for Low Back Pain in the Era of Public Reporting. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 16(4 Pt B), 560-569.More infoTo evaluate the relationship between use of MRI of the lumbar spine for low back pain without prior conservative therapy and sociodemographic factors after the implementation of public reporting for Medicare's Hospital Outpatient Imaging Efficiency Measure for MRI Lumbar Spine for Low Back Pain (OP-8) metric.
- Lind, K. E., & Jorgensen, M. L. (2019). Clearing the air: why a link between Alzheimer's disease and air quality cannot be validly determined using prescription data in Australia. Health & place, 62, 102169.
- Lind, K. E., Gray, L. C., Raban, M. Z., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. I. (2019). Antidementia medication use by aged care facility residents with dementia. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 34(7), 1029-1040.More infoLittle is known about the use of antidementia medications in Australia. Other countries have reported sociodemographic disparities in use. Our objective was to estimate prevalence, duration, and time to initiation of antidementia medication (cholinesterase inhibitors or memantine) among Australians with dementia in residential aged care facilities and to evaluate resident and facility factors associated with use.
- Lind, K. E., Hildreth, K. L., & Perraillon, M. C. (2019). Persistent Disparities in Medicare's Annual Wellness Visit Utilization. Medical care, 57(12), 984-989.More infoThe Medicare Annual Wellness Visit (AWV) is a preventive care visit introduced in 2011 as part of the Affordable Care Act provided without cost to beneficiaries. The AWV is associated with higher preventive services utilization. Although AWV utilization increased during 2011-2013, utilization was lower among ethnoracial minority beneficiaries who may benefit the most.
- Lind, K. E., Jensen, A. M., Perez-Portillo, A., & Garg, K. (2019). Patient Perceptions of CT Imaging in a Diverse Patient Sample. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 16(10), 1401-1408.More infoTo describe patient perceptions related to CT and evaluate variation related to patient sociodemographic characteristics.
- Lind, K. E., Jorgensen, M. L., Gray, L. C., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. I. (2019). Anti-osteoporosis Medication Use in a High Fracture-Risk Population: Contemporary Trends in Australian Residential Aged Care Facilities. Health services insights, 12, 1178632919852111.More infoOsteoporotic fractures impose substantial morbidity and mortality among older adults. Undertreatment is an ongoing concern; treatment rates declined following reports of adverse effects of guideline-recommended bisphosphonates, but new antiresorptives have since become available. Our goal was to identify contemporary trends in osteoporosis treatment guideline adherence in a high fracture-risk population. We conducted a secondary data analysis using electronic health record data of adults aged ⩾65 years from 68 residential aged care facilities in Australia during 2014-2017 (n = 9094). Using medication administration data, we identified antiresorptive (bisphosphonates and denosumab) and vitamin D supplement use among residents with osteoporosis. Regression was used to evaluate temporal trends, and resident and facility characteristics associated with antiresorptive use and vitamin D use. In 2014, 34% of women and 42% of men with osteoporosis used antiresorptives; this decreased 8 percentage points by 2017. Antiresorptive use was higher among those with a history of fracture and lower in the last year of life. Denosumab use increased but did not substitute for the continued decline in bisphosphonate use. Vitamin D was consistently used by more than 60% of residents and was higher among those with fracture history. Greater attention to the treatment of osteoporosis treatment rates among this high fracture-risk population is warranted.
- Lind, K. E., Raban, M. Z., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. I. (2019). Duration of Antipsychotic Medication Use by Aged Care Facility Residents With Dementia. Alzheimer disease and associated disorders, 33(4), 331-338.More infoGuidelines recommend short-term targeted use of antipsychotic medications for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia only when other strategies have failed. Antipsychotic prescribing in dementia is common internationally, but data on duration of use are limited. Our objectives were to determine duration, time to initiation, and prevalence of antipsychotic use among people with dementia.
- Lind, K. E., Raban, M. Z., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. I. (2019). NSAID use among residents in 68 residential aged care facilities 2014 to 2017: An analysis of duration, concomitant medication use, and high-risk conditions. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety, 28(11), 1480-1488.More infoPeople in residential aged care are at increased risk of adverse events from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) due to their age and health status, but little is known about use of NSAIDs in this setting. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of NSAID use by route, differences by high-risk conditions, prevalence of concurrent proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use, and prevalence of the "triple whammy" combination (oral NSAID, diuretic, and angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor antagonist).
- Patel, N. U., Lind, K. E., Garg, K., Crawford, D., Werahera, P. N., & Pokharel, S. S. (2019). Assessment of PI-RADS v2 categories ≥ 3 for diagnosis of clinically significant prostate cancer. Abdominal radiology, 44(2), 705-712.More infoTo assess the diagnostic accuracy of PI-RADS v2 categories ≥ 3 to detect clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) against histopathology of Transperineal Mapping Biopsy (TPMB).
- Bauer, A., Lind, K., Van Noort, H., Myers, M., & Borgstede, J. (2018). Ultrasound and Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Report Transcription Error Rates and Strategies for Reduction. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 15(12), 1784-1790.More infoRadiologists play an essential role in patient care by providing accurate and timely results. An error-free radiology report is an expectation of both patients and referring physicians. Software is currently available that can eliminate measurement and side types of errors while saving radiologists and sonographers time. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the potential reduction in report errors, estimate the potential time savings associated with implementation, and conduct a cost-benefit analysis of implementing two software programs.
- Hardesty, L. A., Lind, K. E., & Gutierrez, E. J. (2018). Effect of Arrival of Prior Mammograms on Recall Negation for Screening Mammograms Performed With Digital Breast Tomosynthesis in a Clinical Setting. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 15(9), 1293-1299.More infoThis retrospective study evaluates the effect of comparison with prior mammograms on recall negation for screening mammography performed with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in a clinical setting and compares it with that performed without DBT.
- Hobbs, J. B., Goldstein, N., Lind, K. E., Elder, D., Dodd, G. D., & Borgstede, J. P. (2018). Physician Knowledge of Radiation Exposure and Risk in Medical Imaging. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 15(1 Pt A), 34-43.More infoMedical imaging is an increasingly important source of radiation exposure for the general population, and there are risks associated with such exposure; however, recent studies have demonstrated poor understanding of medical radiation among various groups of health care providers. This study had two aims: (1) analyze physicians' knowledge of radiation exposure and risk in diagnostic imaging across multiple specialties and levels of training, and (2) assess the effectiveness of a brief educational presentation on improving physicians' knowledge.
- Lind, K. E., Hildreth, K., Lindrooth, R., Crane, L. A., Morrato, E., & Perraillon, M. C. (2018). Ethnoracial Disparities in Medicare Annual Wellness Visit Utilization: Evidence From a Nationally Representative Database. Medical care, 56(9), 761-766.More infoIn 2011, Medicare began offering annual preventive care visits (annual wellness visit; AWV) to beneficiaries at no charge. Providing free preventive care supports primary and secondary prevention of chronic disease and may reduce ethnoracial disparities in health outcomes.
- Lind, K. E., Hildreth, K., Lindrooth, R., Morrato, E., Crane, L. A., & Perraillon, M. C. (2018). Effect of Medicare Part D on Ethnoracial Disparities in Antidementia Medication Use. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 66(9), 1760-1767.More infoTo examine ethnoracial disparities in antidementia medication use, accounting for implementation of Part D, and to evaluate the role of prescription drug coverage as a cause of antidementia medication disparities.
- Patel, N. U., Lind, K. E., McKinney, K., Clark, T. J., Pokharel, S. S., Meier, J. M., Stamm, E. R., Garg, K., & Haugen, B. (2018). Clinical Validation of a Predictive Model for the Presence of Cervical Lymph Node Metastasis in Papillary Thyroid Cancer. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology, 39(4), 756-761.More infoUltrasound is a standard technique to detect lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid cancer. Cystic changes and microcalcifications are the most specific features of metastasis, but with low sensitivity. This prospective study compared the diagnostic accuracy of a predictive model for sonographic evaluation of lymph nodes relative to the radiologist's standard assessment in detecting papillary thyroid cancer metastasis in patients after thyroidectomy.
- Trivedi, P. S., Lind, K. E., Ray, C. E., Rochon, P. J., & Ryu, R. K. (2018). Race and Sex Disparities in Outcomes of Dialysis Access Maintenance Interventions. Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR, 29(4), 476-481.e1.More infoTo determine whether utilization and outcomes of dialysis access maintenance interventions vary by patient race or sex.
- Wilson, A. R., Brega, A. G., Thomas, J. F., Henderson, W. G., Lind, K. E., Braun, P. A., Batliner, T. S., & Albino, J. (2018). Validity of Measures Assessing Oral Health Beliefs of American Indian Parents. Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities, 5(6), 1254-1263.More infoThis aimed to validate measures of constructs included in an extended Health Belief Model (EHBM) addressing oral health beliefs among American Indian (AI) parents.
- Dodd, G. D., Lanctot, A. C., & Lind, K. E. (2017). Effect of Change in Portal Vein Flow Rates on Hepatic Ablations Created with a Bipolar Radiofrequency Ablation Device. Radiology, 283(2), 399-407.More infoPurpose To investigate the effect of change in portal vein flow rates on the size and shape of ablations created by a bipolar radiofrequency (RF) ablation device. Materials and Methods This study was exempt from institutional animal care and use committee review. An in vitro bovine liver model perfused with autologous blood via the portal vein at three flow rates (60, 80, 100 mL/min per 100 g of liver) was used. Four ablations, two bipolar and two monopolar (control probe), were made in each of five livers perfused at each flow rate. Short- and long-axis diameters were measured from gross specimens, and volume and sphericity index were calculated for each ablation. A general linear mixed model accounting for correlation within the liver was used to evaluate the effects of flow on ablations. Analyses were performed by using software. Results There was no significant difference in the size or shape of ablations created by the bipolar device at the different flow rates (P > .05 for all outcomes). The monopolar device demonstrated the expected inverse association between ablation size and change in flow (P < .01 for all outcomes). The mean ± standard deviation of short-axis diameter, long-axis diameter, volume, and sphericity index of the bipolar ablations was 4.3 cm ± 0.1, 4.2 cm ± 0.1, 41.0 cm ± 1.8, and 1.1 ± 0.1, respectively. Conclusion Unlike monopolar RF ablation, change in portal vein flow rates does not have a statistically significant effect on the size or shape of ablations created by the bipolar RF ablation device tested. RSNA, 2016.
- Flug, J. A., & Lind, K. E. (2017). Public Reporting of MRI of the Lumbar Spine for Low Back Pain and Changes in Clinical Documentation. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 14(12), 1545-1551.More infoOP-8 is the Medicare imaging efficiency metric for MRI of the lumbar spine for low back pain in the outpatient hospital. We studied trends in exclusion criteria coding over time by site of service after implementation of OP-8 to evaluate provider's response to public reporting.
- Jesse, M. K., Kleck, C., Williams, A., Petersen, B., Glueck, D., Lind, K., & Patel, V. (2017). 3D Morphometric Analysis of Normal Sacroiliac Joints: A New Classification of Surface Shape Variation and the Potential Implications in Pain Syndromes. Pain physician, 20(5), E701-E709.More infoNormal sacroiliac (SI) joints vary widely in shape, and it is unclear whether SI joint morphology plays a role in the development of pain. To answer this question, we used 3D-CT surface rendering to image healthy study participants and used the resulting images to develop a classification system for SI joint morphology. In a case-control study comparing health research participants to patients with SI pain, we assessed whether the classification of SI joint morphology was associated with pain.
- Kumpe, D. A., Seinfeld, J., Huang, X., Mei, Q., Case, D. E., Roark, C. D., Subramanian, P. S., Lind, K. E., Pelak, V. S., & Bennett, J. L. (2017). Dural sinus stenting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension: factors associated with hemodynamic failure and management with extended stenting. Journal of neurointerventional surgery, 9(9), 867-874.More infoSome patients undergoing dural sinus stenting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) develop clinical and hemodynamic failure (recurrence of the pressure gradient) owing to stent-adjacent stenosis.
- Lind, K. E., Gutierrez, E. J., Yamamoto, D. J., Regner, M. F., McKee, S. A., & Tanabe, J. (2017). Corrigendum to Sex disparities in substance abuse research: Evaluating 23 years of structural neuroimaging studies [Drug Alcohol Depend. 173 (2017) 92-98]. Drug and alcohol dependence, 176, 181-184.
- Lind, K. E., Gutierrez, E. J., Yamamoto, D. J., Regner, M. F., McKee, S. A., & Tanabe, J. (2017). Sex disparities in substance abuse research: Evaluating 23 years of structural neuroimaging studies. Drug and alcohol dependence, 173, 92-98.More infoSex differences in brain structure and clinical course of substance use disorders underscores the need to include women in structural brain imaging studies. The NIH has supported the need for research to address sex differences. We evaluated female enrollment in substance abuse structural brain imaging research and the methods used to study sex differences in substance effects.
- Restauri, N., Lind, K. E., Webb, N., Ariefdjohan, M., Kondo, K., & Dodd, G. (2017). Medical Student Satisfaction and Performance Using an Innovative Radiology Education Laboratory. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 14(3), 404-408.
- Braun, P. A., Quissell, D. O., Henderson, W. G., Bryant, L. L., Gregorich, S. E., George, C., Toledo, N., Cudeii, D., Smith, V., Johs, N., Cheng, J., Rasmussen, M., Cheng, N. F., Santo, W., Batliner, T., Wilson, A., Brega, A., Roan, R., Lind, K. E., , Tiwari, T., et al. (2016). A Cluster-Randomized, Community-Based, Tribally Delivered Oral Health Promotion Trial in Navajo Head Start Children. Journal of dental research, 95(11), 1237-44.More infoThe authors tested the effectiveness of a community-based, tribally delivered oral health promotion (OHP) intervention (INT) at reducing caries increment in Navajo children attending Head Start. In a 3-y cluster-randomized trial, we developed an OHP INT with Navajo input that was delivered by trained Navajo lay health workers to children attending 52 Navajo Head Start classrooms (26 INT, 26 usual care [UC]). The INT was designed as a highly personalized set of oral health-focused interactions (5 for children and 4 for parents), along with 4 fluoride varnish applications delivered in Head Start during academic years of 2011 to 2012 and 2012 to 2013. The authors evaluated INT impact on decayed, missing, and filled tooth surfaces (dmfs) increment compared with UC. Other outcomes included caries prevalence and caregiver oral health-related knowledge and behaviors. Modified intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses were conducted. The authors enrolled 1,016 caregiver-child dyads. Baseline mean dmfs/caries prevalence equaled 19.9/86.5% for the INT group and 22.8/90.1% for the UC group, respectively. INT adherence was 53% (i.e., ≥3 child OHP events, ≥1 caregiver OHP events, and ≥3 fluoride varnish). After 3 y, dmfs increased in both groups (+12.9 INT vs. +10.8 UC; P = 0.216), as did caries prevalence (86.5% to 96.6% INT vs. 90.1% to 98.2% UC; P = 0.808) in a modified intention-to-treat analysis of 897 caregiver-child dyads receiving 1 y of INT. Caregiver oral health knowledge scores improved in both groups (75.1% to 81.2% INT vs. 73.6% to 79.5% UC; P = 0.369). Caregiver oral health behavior scores improved more rapidly in the INT group versus the UC group (P = 0.006). The dmfs increment was smaller among adherent INT children (+8.9) than among UC children (+10.8; P = 0.028) in a per-protocol analysis. In conclusion, the severity of dental disease in Navajo Head Start children is extreme and difficult to improve. The authors argue that successful approaches to prevention may require even more highly personalized approaches shaped by cultural perspectives and attentive to the social determinants of oral health (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01116739).
- Hardesty, L. A., Lind, K. E., & Gutierrez, E. J. (2016). Compliance With Screening Mammography Guidelines After a False-Positive Mammogram. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 13(9), 1032-8.More infoTo assess whether women with a false-positive mammogram who do return for screening are less likely to be compliant with screening mammography guidelines than are women with a negative mammogram.
- Kesner, A. L., Chung, J. H., Lind, K. E., Kwak, J. J., Lynch, D., Burckhardt, D., & Koo, P. J. (2016). Frequency based gating: An alternative, conformal, approach to 4D PET data utilization. Medical physics, 43(3), 1451-61.More infoRespiratory gating is a strategy for overcoming image degradation caused by patient motion in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging. Traditional methods for sorting data, namely, phase-based gating or amplitude-based gating, come with an inherent trade-off between resolution improvements and added noise present in the subjugated data. If the goal of motion correction in PET is realigned from creating 4D images that attempt to mimic nongated images, towards ideal utilization of the information available, then new paths for data management emerge. In this work, the authors examine the application of a method in a new class of frequency based data subjugation algorithms, termed gating +. This strategy utilizes data driven information to locally adapt signal to its optimal segregation, thereby creating a new approach to 4D data utilization PET.
- Kesner, A. L., Chung, J. H., Lind, K. E., Kwak, J. J., Lynch, D., Burckhardt, D., & Koo, P. J. (2016). Validation of Software Gating: A Practical Technology for Respiratory Motion Correction in PET. Radiology, 281(1), 239-48.More infoPurpose To assess the performance of hardware- and software-gating technologies in terms of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of respiratory motion in positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. Materials and Methods Between 2010 and 2013, 219 fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET examinations were performed in 116 patients for assessment of pulmonary nodules. All patients provided informed consent in this institutional review board-approved study. Acquisitions were reconstructed as respiratory-gated images by using hardware-derived respiratory triggers and software-derived signal (via an automated postprocessing method). Asymmetry was evaluated in the joint distribution of reader preference, and linear mixed models were used to evaluate differences in outcomes according to gating type. Results In blind reviews of reconstructed gated images, software was selected as superior 16.9% of the time (111 of 657 image sets; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 14.0%, 19.8%), and hardware was selected as superior 6.2% of the time (41 of 657 image sets; 95% CI: 4.4%, 8.1%). Of the image sets, 76.9% (505 of 657; 95% CI: 73.6%, 80.1%) were judged as having indistinguishable motion quality. Quantitative analysis demonstrated that the two gating strategies exhibited similar performance, and the performance of both was significantly different from that of nongated images. The mean increase ± standard deviation in lesion maximum standardized uptake value was 42.2% ± 38.9 between nongated and software-gated images, and lesion full width at half maximum values decreased by 9.9% ± 9.6. Conclusion Compared with vendor-supplied respiratory-gating hardware methods, software gating performed favorably, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Fully automated gating is a feasible approach to motion correction of PET images. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
- Kesner, A. L., Lind, K. E., Kwak, J. J., & Koo, P. J. (2016). Importance of Respiratory-gated PET/CT in Thoracic Tumors Response. Radiology, 281(1), 322-323.
- Restauri, N., Lio, E., Glueck, D., Lind, K. E., Sachs, P., Vargas, D., & Suby-Long, T. (2016). Best Practice for Safe and Effective Administration of Epinephrine for the Treatment of Anaphylaxis in the Radiology Department. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 13(3), 303-6.
- Sigakis, C., Lantow, B., Windham, K., Meddings, K., Lind, K. E., & Suby-Long, T. (2016). Sometimes It Takes a Village-Reducing Retained Surgical Items Through Multidisciplinary Collaboration. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR, 13(6), 709-12.
- Stamm, E. R., Meier, J. M., Pokharel, S. S., Clark, T., Glueck, D. H., Lind, K. E., & Roberts, K. M. (2016). Normal main portal vein diameter measured on CT is larger than the widely referenced upper limit of 13 mm. Abdominal radiology (New York), 41(10), 1931-6.More infoWe determined mean main portal vein diameter in healthy patients evaluated with CT, compared this value to the "upper limit of normal" reported previously, and evaluated effects of age, sex, height, and BMI on portal vein diameter.
- Braun, P. A., Lind, K. E., Henderson, W. G., Brega, A. G., Quissell, D. O., & Albino, J. (2015). Validation of a pediatric oral health-related quality of life scale in Navajo children. Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation, 24(1), 231-9.More infoAmerican Indian (AI) children experience the highest rates of early childhood caries (ECC) in the USA, yet no tool has been validated to measure the impact of ECC on their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL).
- Conwell, T., & Lind, K. E. (2015). Comparison of the Diagnostic Accuracy of Three Infrared Imaging Methods In Evaluating Patients With Presumptive Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Type 1. Thermology International, 25(2), 54-63.
- Braun, P. A., Lind, K. E., Batliner, T., Brega, A. G., Henderson, W. G., Nadeau, K., Wilson, A., & Albino, J. (2014). Caregiver reported oral health-related quality of life in young American Indian children. Journal of immigrant and minority health, 16(5), 951-8.More infoAmerican Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children experience high rates of dental decay, yet their pediatric oral health-related quality of life (POQL) has not been described. We measured POQL in AI children and compared it in children with reported excellent/very good/good versus fair/poor oral health status (OHS) and assessed association of OHS, child's age, dental service utilization, and dental insurance on POQL scores. Caregivers of 143 AI (100 %), young (mean age 25.1 months) children reported their POQL score as 4.2 (scale 0-100, lower score indicates better POQL); OHS as excellent (35 %), very good (27 %), good (21 %), fair (14 %), and poor (3 %); and utilization of urgent dental services (12 %). Worse POQL was associated with worse OHS (p = 0.01). After adjustment, worse POQL was associated with increased reported use of urgent dental services (p = 0.004). POQL of young AI children was generally favorable but worsened with increased utilization of urgent dental services.
- Batliner, T., Tiwari, T., Wilson, A., Janis, M., Brinton, J. T., Daniels, D. M., Gallegos, J. R., Lind, K. E., Glueck, D. H., Thomas, J., & Albino, J. (2013). An assessment of oral health on the pine ridge Indian reservation. Fourth World Journal, 12(1), 5-17.
- Lind, K. E., Jorgensen, M., Raban, M., & Westbrook, J. (2019, November). Innovations in monitoring quality use of medicines in aged care. Australian Association of Gerontology Annual Conference. Sydney, Australia: Australian Association of Gerontology.
- Lind, K. E., Jorgensen, M., Raban, M., & Westbrook, J. (2019, October). Innovations in monitoring quality use of medicines in Australian residential aged care facilities. International Society for Quality in Health Care Conference. Cape Town, South Africa: International Society for Quality in Health Care.
- Lind, K. E., Raban, M., Brett, L., Jorgensen, M., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. (2019, December). Using existing electronic health record data to measure health status in residential aged care (Symposium). 11th Health Services and Policy Research Conference. Auckland, New Zealand: Health Services Research Association of Australia and New Zealand.
- Lind, K. E., Raban, M., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. (2019, June). Innovations in monitoring health and medications of people with dementia in residential aged care facilities. National Health & Medical Research Council Australian Dementia Forum. Hobart, Australia: National Health & Medical Research Council.
- Lind, K. E., Raban, M., Jorgensen, M., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. (2019, December). Innovations in monitoring quality use of medicines in aged care. 11th Health Services and Policy Research Conference. Auckland, New Zealand: Health Services Research Association of Australia and New Zealand.
- Lind, K. E., Garcia, R., Lopez, J., & Bryant, L. (2013, September). Changing Needs for Aging Services: Moving Forward with Community-Initiated Improvements to Aging Services in the San Luis Valley. Public Health in the Rockies Conference. Breckenridge, CO: Colorado Public Health Association.
- Basen-Engquist, K., Crane, T. E., Robles, R., Lind, K. E., & Thomson, C. A. (2020, Fall). Co-morbidities in Relation to Mortality among Women Diagnosed with Endometrial Cancer: Results of the Women’s Health Initiative. University of Arizona Cancer Center Retreat. Tucson, AZ.More infoThomson CA, Lind K, Robles R, Crane TE and Basen-Engquist KE. Co-morbidities in Relation to Mortality among Women Diagnosed with Endometrial Cancer: Results of the Women’s Health Initiative. UACC Fall Retreat. (November 2020).
- Thomson, C. A., Yung, A., Lind, K. E., Ehiri, J. E., Harris, R. B., Dickeson, K., & Bea, J. W. (2020, Fall). In-person versus virtual training for the next generation of U3 cancer prevention scientists.. University of Arizona Cancer Center Fall Retreat. Tucson, AZ.More infoBea JW, Dickeson KM, Harris RB, Ehiri JE, Lind KE, Yung AK, Thomson CA. In-person versus virtual training for the next generation of U3 cancer prevention scientists. UACC Fall Retreat. (November 2020).
- Lind, K. E., Hildreth, K., Lindrooth, R., Crane, L., Morrato, E., & Perraillon, M. C. (2018, June). The Effect of Direct Cognitive Assessment in the Medicare Annual Wellness Visit on Cognitive Impairment Diagnosis. Academy Health Annual Research Meeting. Seattle, WA: Academy Health.
- Lind, K. E., Raban, M., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. (2018, May). Duration of Antipsychotic Medication Use in Aged Care Facility Residents with Dementia. Choosing Wisely Australia Conference. Canberra, Australia: Choosing Wisely Australia.
- Lind, K. E., Raban, M., Georgiou, A., & Westbrook, J. (2018, May). Long-Term NSAID use in Residential Aged Care Facilities. Choosing Wisely Australia Conference. Canberra, Australia: Choosing Wisely Australia.
- Lind, K. E., Hildreth, K., Lindrooth, R., Crane, L., Morrato, E., & Perraillon, M. (2017, June). Ethnoracial Disparities in Medicare Annual Wellness Visit Utilization: Evidence From a Nationally Representative Database. Academy Health Annual Research Meeting. New Orleans, LA: Academy Health.
- Lind, K. E., Hildreth, K., Lindrooth, R., Crane, L., Morrato, E., & Perraillon, M. C. (2017, June). The Impact of Medicare Part D on Ethnoracial Disparities in Anti-Dementia Medication Utilization. Academy Health Annual Research Meeting. New Orleans, LA: Academy Health.
- Lind, K. E., Albino, J., Batliner, T., Quissel, D., Braun, P., Bryant, L., Henderson, W., Thomas, J., Tiwari, T., & Wilson, A. (2013, September). Parent Behaviors and ECC Resistance in American Indian Children. Native Children’s Research Exchange. Aurora, CO: University of Colorado Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health.