William J Shuttleworth
- Robert E Horton Medal
- American Geophysical Union, Fall 2014
- Robert E Horton Lecturer
- American Meteorological Society, Spring 2014
- Langbein Lecturer
- American Geophysical Union, Fall 2013
- Hydrology Days Award
- Colorado State University, Spring 2011
- Regents' Professorship
- University of Arizona, Fall 2009
- Great Man-Made River International Water Prize for Water Resources in Arid Zones
- UNESCO, Spring 2007
- International Hydrology Prize
- Awarded jointly by the IAHS, UNESCO, and WMO, Spring 2006
- Hydrology Section Prize
- American Geophysical Union, Fall 2001
No activities entered.
No activities entered.
- Rosolem, R., Shuttleworth, W. J., Zreda, M., Franz, T. E., Zeng, X., & Kurc, S. A. (2014). The Effect of Atmospheric Water Vapor on Neutron Count in the Cosmic-Ray Soil Moisture Observing System. JOURNAL OF HYDROMETEOROLOGY, 14(5), 1659-1671.More infoThe cosmic-ray method for measuring soil moisture, used in the Cosmic-Ray Soil Moisture Observing System (COSMOS), relies on the exceptional ability of hydrogen to moderate fast neutrons. Sources of hydrogen near the ground, other than soil moisture, affect the neutron measurement and therefore must be quantified. This study investigates the effect of atmospheric water vapor on the cosmic-ray probe signal and evaluates the fast neutron response in realistic atmospheric conditions using the neutron transport code Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended (MCNPX). The vertical height of influence of the sensor in the atmosphere varies between 412 and 265 m in dry and wet atmospheres, respectively. Model results show that atmospheric water vapor near the surface affects the neutron intensity signal by up to 12%, corresponding to soil moisture differences on the order of 0.10 m(3) m(-3). A simple correction is defined to identify the true signal associated with integrated soil moisture that rescales the measured neutron intensity to that which would have been observed in the atmospheric conditions prevailing on the day of sensor calibration. Use of this approach is investigated with in situ observations at two sites characterized by strong seasonality in water vapor where standard meteorological measurements are readily available.
- Rosolem, R., Hoar, T., Arellano, A., Anderson, J. L., Shuttleworth, W. J., Zeng, X., & Franz, T. E. (2013). Translating aboveground cosmic-ray neutron intensity to high-frequency soil moisture profiles at sub-kilometer scale. HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 18(11), 4363-4379.More infoAbove-ground cosmic-ray neutron measurements provide an opportunity to infer soil moisture at the sub-kilometer scale. Initial efforts to assimilate those measurements have shown promise. This study expands such analysis by investigating (1) how the information from aboveground cosmic-ray neutrons can constrain the soil moisture at distinct depths simulated by a land surface model, and (2) how changes in data availability (in terms of retrieval frequency) impact the dynamics of simulated soil moisture profiles. We employ ensemble data assimilation techniques in a "nearly-identical twin" experiment applied at semi-arid shrubland, rainfed agricultural field, and mixed forest biomes in the USA. The performance of the Noah land surface model is compared with and without assimilation of observations at hourly intervals, as well as every 2 days. Synthetic observations of aboveground cosmic-ray neutrons better constrain the soil moisture simulated by Noah in root-zone soil layers (0-100 cm), despite the limited measurement depth of the sensor (estimated to be 12-20 cm). The ability of Noah to reproduce a "true" soil moisture profile is remarkably good, regardless of the frequency of observations at the semi-arid site. However, soil moisture profiles are better constrained when assimilating synthetic cosmic-ray neutron observations hourly rather than every 2 days at the cropland and mixed forest sites. This indicates potential benefits for hydrometeorological modeling when soil moisture measurements are available at a relatively high frequency. Moreover, differences in summertime meteorological forcing between the semi-arid site and the other two sites may indicate a possible control-ling factor to soil moisture dynamics in addition to differences in soil and vegetation properties.
- Shuttleworth, W. J. (2014). Comment on "Technical Note: On the Matt-Shuttleworth approach to estimate crop water requirements" by Lhomme et al. (2014). HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES.More infoIt is clear from Lhomme et al. (2014) that aspects of the explanation of the Matt-Shuttleworth approach can generate confusion. Presumably this is because the description in Shuttleworth (2006) was not sufficiently explicit and simple. This paper explains the logic behind the Matt-Shuttleworth approach clearly, simply and concisely. It shows how the Matt-Shuttleworth can be implemented using a few simple equations and provides access to ancillary calculation resources that can be used for such implementation. If the crop water requirement community decided that it is preferable to use the Penman-Monteith equation to estimate crop water requirements directly for all crops, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization could now update Irrigation and Drainage Paper 56 using the Matt-Shuttleworth approach by deriving tabulated values of surface resistance from Table 12 of Allen et al. (1998), with the estimation of crop evaporation then being directly made in a one-step calculation using an equation similar to that already recommended by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization for calculating reference crop evaporation.
- Zreda, M., Shuttleworth, W. J., Zeng, X., Zweck, C., Desilets, D., Franz, T., & Rosolem, R. (2013). COSMOS: the COsmic-ray Soil Moisture Observing System (vol 16, pg 4079, 2012). HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES.