Janet A Foote
- Assistant Professor, Public Health
- Ph.D. Nutritional Sciences, Epidemiology minor
- University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
- Dietary fat association with nonmelanoma skin cancer among predisposed individuals
- B.S. Nutritional Sciences
- University of California at Davis, Davis, California
- University of Arizona, MEZCOPH (2005 - Ongoing)
- University of Arizona Cancer Center (2004 - 2010)
- University of Hawai'i, Cancer Research Center (2000 - 2004)
- University of Arizona Cancer Center (1998 - 2000)
- University of Arizona Cancer Center (1995 - 1998)
- University of Arizona Medical Center / Cancer Center (1990 - 1993)
- Bionetics Corporation (1989)
- 2011 ON DPG Award for Excellence in Oncology Nutrition Research
- Oncology Nutrition Dietetic Practice Group, Spring 2011
Epidemiology, Public Health Nutrition, and applied public health
Basic Prin EpidemiologyEPID 573A (Spring 2021)
Public Health NutritionHPS 478 (Spring 2021)
Public Health NutritionNSC 478 (Spring 2021)
Phoenix Urban Service LearningPHP 597F (Winter 2020)
Basic Prin EpidemiologyEPID 573A (Fall 2020)
Master's ReportEPID 909 (Fall 2020)
Public Health Practice SeminarPHP 696V (Fall 2020)
Basic Prin EpidemiologyEPID 573A (Spring 2020)
Master's ReportEPID 909 (Spring 2020)
Nutrition/Hlth/DevelopmtHPS 530 (Spring 2020)
Public Health NutritionHPS 478 (Spring 2020)
Phoenix Urban Service LearningPHP 597F (Winter 2019)
Basic Prin EpidemiologyEPID 573A (Fall 2019)
Master's ReportEPID 909 (Fall 2019)
Public Health Practice SeminarPHP 696V (Fall 2019)
Independent StudyEPID 599 (Summer I 2019)
Master's ReportEPID 909 (Summer I 2019)
Basic Prin EpidemiologyEPID 573A (Spring 2019)
Nutrition/Hlth/DevelopmtHPS 530 (Spring 2019)
Public Health NutritionHPS 478 (Spring 2019)
Phoenix Urban Service LearningPHP 597F (Winter 2018)
Basic Prin EpidemiologyEPID 573A (Fall 2018)
Public Health Practice SeminarPHP 696V (Fall 2018)
Master's ReportEPID 909 (Spring 2018)
Nutrition/Hlth/DevelopmtHPS 530 (Spring 2018)
Public Health NutritionHPS 478 (Spring 2018)
Public Health NutritionNSC 478 (Spring 2018)
Phoenix Urban Service LearningPHP 597F (Winter 2017)
Basic Prin EpidemiologyEPID 573A (Fall 2017)
Independent StudyEPID 599 (Fall 2017)
Master's ReportEPID 909 (Fall 2017)
Public Health Practice SeminarPHP 696V (Fall 2017)
Master's ReportCPH 909 (Summer I 2017)
Master's ReportCPH 909 (Spring 2017)
Nutrition/Hlth/DevelopmtCPH 530 (Spring 2017)
Phoenix Urban Service LearningCPH 597F (Winter 2016)
Basic Prin EpidemiologyCPH 573A (Fall 2016)
Basic Prin EpidemiologyEPID 573A (Fall 2016)
Independent StudyCPH 599 (Fall 2016)
Master's ReportCPH 909 (Fall 2016)
Public Health Practice SeminarCPH 696V (Fall 2016)
Master's ReportCPH 909 (Summer I 2016)
Master's ReportCPH 909 (Spring 2016)
Nutrition/Hlth/DevelopmtCPH 530 (Spring 2016)
Public Health Practice SeminarCPH 696V (Spring 2016)
- Hess, J., Schafernak, K., Newbern, D., Vern-Gross, T., Foote, J., Van Tassel, D., Jamshidi, R., & Walsh, A. (2020). Ultrasound is superior to palpation for thyroid cancer detection in high-risk childhood cancer and BMT survivors. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer.More infoThyroid cancer is a common subsequent malignant neoplasm in childhood cancer survivors (CCS). Patients who received radiotherapy (RT) to the head, neck, upper thorax, or total body irradiation (TBI) are considered to be at risk for subsequent thyroid cancer. Current Children's Oncology Group screening guidelines recommend annual neck palpation. Our objective was to determine if ultrasound (US) is more sensitive and specific than palpation to detect thyroid cancer in high-risk CCS and bone marrow transplant (BMT) survivors.
- Jacobs, E. T., Foote, J. A., Kohler, L. N., Skiba, M. B., & Thomson, C. A. (2020). Re-examination of dairy as a single commodity in US dietary guidance. Nutrition Reviews.
- Jacobs, E. T., Foote, J. A., Kohler, L. N., Skiba, M. B., & Thomson, C. A. (2020). Re-examination of dairy as a single commodity in US dietary guidance. Nutrition reviews, 78(3), 225-234.More infoDairy products have been a key component of dietary guidance in the United States for more than 100 years. In light of major advances in the understanding of dietary intake and metabolism, the aim of this review was to examine whether dairy should remain a single commodity in federal guidance. Considerations include recognizing that a substantial proportion of the world's adult population (65%-70%) exhibits lactase nonpersistence, a reduced ability to metabolize lactose to glucose and galactose. Shifts in the US population, including a greater proportion of African Americans and Asians, are of key importance because several studies have shown a markedly higher prevalence of lactase nonpersistence and, consequently, a lower dairy intake among these groups. While cow's milk alternatives are available, families who use them will pay up to an additional $1400 per year compared with those who are able to consume dairy products. Dietary guidance also contains downstream effects for government assistance, such as the US Department of Agriculture's National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program. For reasons like these, Canada has recently removed dairy as a separate food group in national dietary guidance. The results of the present review suggest that consideration of this modification when developing population-level guidelines in the United States is warranted.
- Kim, M. H., Szabolcs, P., Foote, J., & Windreich, R. M. (2020). Utility of Routine Computed Tomography Screening before Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Pediatric Patients with Non-Malignant Disorders. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, 26(3), S141--S142.
- Jacobs, E. T., Lance, P., Mandarino, L. J., Ellis, N. A., Chow, H. S., Foote, J., Martinez, J. A., Hsu, C. P., Batai, K., Saboda, K., & others, . (2019). Selenium supplementation and insulin resistance in a randomized, clinical trial. BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care, 7(1), e000613.
- Steck-Bayat, K., Foote, J. A., Mourad, J., Roy, K. H., Aguirre, A., & Mahnert, N. (2019). Surgical Equipment Price Awareness Amongst Obstetrician Gynecologists.. Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons.
- Yarrapureddy, S., Abril, J., Foote, J. A., Kumar, S., Asad, O., Sharath, V., Faraj, J., Daniel, D., Dickman, P., White-Collins, A., Hingorani, P., & Sertil, A. R. (2019). ATF6a activation enhances survival against chemotherapy and serves as a prognostic indicator in osteosarcoma.. Neoplasia, 21(6), 516 - 532.
- Kim, M. H., Adams, R. H., Foote, J., & Shah, N. C. (2018). Evaluation of Utility of Computed Tomography Scanning in Pediatric Stem Cell Transplant Patients with Fever and Neutropenia. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, 24(3), S438.
- Kohler, L. N., Foote, J., Kelley, C. P., Florea, A., Shelly, C., Chow, H. S., Hsu, P., Batai, K., Ellis, N., Saboda, K., Lance, P., & Jacobs, E. T. (2018). Selenium and Type 2 Diabetes: Systematic Review. Nutrients, 10(12).More infoSeveral studies have investigated the potential role of selenium (Se) in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with disparate findings. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesize the evidence of any association between Se and T2D. PubMed, Embase, and Scopus were searched following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis Approach (PRISMA). Sixteen studies from 15 papers met inclusion criteria defined for this review. Of the 13 observational studies included, 8 demonstrated a statistically significant positive association between concentrations of Se and odds for T2D, with odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) ranging from 1.52 (1.01⁻2.28) to 7.64 (3.34⁻17.46), and a summary odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI)) of 2.03 (1.51⁻2.72). In contrast, among randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of Se, a higher risk of T2D was not observed for those who received Se compared to a placebo (OR = 1.18, 95% CI 0.95⁻1.47). Taken together, the results for the relationship between Se and T2D differ between observational studies and randomized clinical trials (RCTs). It remains unclear whether these differences are the result of uncontrolled confounding in the observational studies, or whether there is a modest effect of Se on the risk for T2D that may vary by duration of exposure. Further investigations on the effects of Se on glucose metabolism are needed.
- Steck-Bayat, K. P., Mourad, J., Roy, K., Aguirre, A., Foote, J., & Mahnert, N. (2018). Surgical Equipment Price Awareness Amongst Gynecologic Surgeons. Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, 25(7), S101.
- Shah, N. C., Foote, J., Magee, K., Beebe, K., Salzberg, D., Douglas, D., & Adams, R. H. (2016). Impact of Conditioning Regimen in Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant for Acute Myeloid Leukemia: The Phoenix Children's Hospital Experience. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, 22(3), S260.
- Aldaham, S., Foote, J. A., Chow, H. S., & Hakim, I. A. (2015). Smoking Status Effect on Inflammatory Markers in a Randomized Trial of Current and Former Heavy Smokers. International journal of inflammation, 2015, 439396.More infoBackground. The level of systemic inflammation as measured by circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) is linked to an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cancer. Methods. We recruited 154 current and former smokers between 40 and 80 years of age with 25 or more pack-years of smoking history to study the relationship between inflammatory markers (CRP and IL-6) and smoking status. Results. Our results show that male smokers had significantly higher levels of serum IL-6 compared to male former smokers. We did not find any gender specific differences for smoking and CRP levels but the IL-6 levels were slightly lower in females compared to males. Additionally, our results show that CRP is significantly associated with IL-6 regardless of smoking status. Modelling indicates that the significant predictors of CRP levels were biomarkers of the metabolic syndrome while the significant predictors of IL-6 levels were age and plasma triglycerides among former smokers and the numbers of smoked packs of cigarettes per year among smokers. Conclusions. In conclusion, our study showed that CRP levels were not associated with markers of smoking intensity. However, IL-6 levels were significantly associated with smoking especially among current smokers.
- Aldaham, S., Foote, J. A., Chow, H. S., & Hakim, I. A. (2015). Smoking status effect on inflammatory markers in a randomized trial of current and former heavy smokers. International journal of inflammation, 2015.
- Plattner, S., McCartney, G., Thomson, C. A., Balderam, A., Alberts, D. S., & Foote, J. A. (2014). Healthy Children Arizona: Early Intervention for Prevention. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4(8), 689-698.
- Foote, J. A., & Poole, C. M. (2013). Brief questions highlight the need for melanoma information campaigns. Journal of Cancer Education, 28(4), 611--616.
- McCartney, G., Plattner, S., Thomson, C., & Foote, J. (2011). The Healthy Children Arizona School-Based Program Increases Knowledge of Cancer Preventive Behaviors among First and Second Graders. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 111(9), A81.
- Clouser, M. C., Roe, D. J., Foote, J. A., Harris, R. B., & Alberts, D. S. (2010). Dose response of retinol and isotretinoin in the prevention of nonmelanoma skin cancer recurrence. Nutrition and cancer.More infoUsing data from a randomized, double blind, study of the efficacy of retinol or isotretinoin vs. placebo on recurrence of nonmelanoma skin cancer in high-risk subjects, a reanalysis of the original intent to treat analysis was performed in a dose-response format. Cox proportional hazards models describe the relationship between dose quartiles of isotretinoin and retinol use and time to first occurrence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in crude and adjusted models. Neither the isotretinoin nor retinol models showed any significance at any quartile for reduction in first BCC or SCC occurrence. Crude and adjusted retinol models show a statistically significant increase in risk of developing an SCC in the first quartile, whereas only the crude model shows a statistically significant increase in risk in the first quartile of the isotretinoin model. For retinol and SCC, hazard ratios (HRs) for the first quartile were as follows: HR = 2.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.67-5.10 crude; HR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.00-3.80 adjusted. For isotretinoin and SCC, HRs for the first quartile were as follows: HR = 2.38, 95% CI = 1.35-4.19 crude; HR = 1.69, 95% CI = 0.87-3.31 adjusted. Test for trend was not significant in any of the models. These analyses confirm the results of the original intent to treat analyses and raise an interesting question related to the potential for increased risk for patients in the first quartile of retinol dose.
- Vanderlugt, G. M., Plattner, S., Foote, J., Balderrama, A. N., Farrell, V., & Thomson, C. (2010). Healthy Children Arizona: Building Blocks for Cancer Prevention. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 42(4), S95--S96.
- Clouser, M. C., Roe, D. J., Foote, J. A., & Harris, R. B. (2009). Effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on non-melanoma skin cancer incidence in the SKICAP-AK trial. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety, 18(4).More infoRecent studies link the prostaglandin metabolic pathway to skin carcinogenesis expanding possibilities that cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors may be utilized in non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) chemoprevention. Using data from a study of the efficacy of retinol supplementation on incidence of NMSC, we sought to determine the role of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in NMSC development. Cox proportional hazards models describe the relationship between NSAID use and time to first squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or basal cell carcinoma (BCC) among participants categorized by use pattern: continuous users (use for length of study duration), new users (use for less than study duration), and non-users. For SCC and BCC, there was a statistically significant protective effect for participants who reported use for less than the study duration (HR = 0.49, 95%CI 0.28-0.87 and HR = 0.43, 95%CI 0.25-0.73, respectively). Categorical examination of NSAIDs (aspirin (ASA) vs. non-ASA NSAIDs) showed significant effects for BCC among those using non-ASA NSAIDs for less than the study duration (HR = 0.33, 95%CI 0.13-0.80). For SCC and BCC, NSAID use of shorter duration and potentially more recent, was more protective than longer duration of use. These results are counter to the idea that longer duration of NSAID use is more protective. Additional investigations are needed into the role NSAIDs play in the chemoprevention of NMSC.
- Clouser, M., Roe, D., Foote, J., & Harris, R. (2009). Dose Response of Retinol and Isotretinoin in the Prevention of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer Recurrence: 258.. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 18.
- Foote, J. A., Ranger-Moore, J. R., Einspahr, J. G., Saboda, K., Kenyon, J., Warneke, J., Miller, R. C., Goldman, R., Xu, M., Roe, D. J., & Alberts, D. S. (2009). Chemoprevention of human actinic keratoses by topical DL-alpha-tocopherol. Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.), 2(4).More infoPrior research shows that topical application of free, nonfatty acid-conjugated vitamin E (DL-alpha-tocopherol) prevents skin cancer in mice, as well as immunosuppression induced by UVB radiation. This study investigated the chemopreventive potential of DL-alpha-tocopherol in humans through monitoring surrogate end point biomarkers in sun-damaged skin. Contralateral arms of healthy human volunteers with actinic keratoses (AK) were randomly assigned to receive either 12.5% DL-alpha-tocopherol or placebo in a crème base for 6 months. Changes in number of AKs, levels of p53 protein expression, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and polyamines were assessed along with skin and systemic vitamin E levels. Following treatment, plasma concentration levels of DL-alpha-tocopherol were unchanged, but skin levels were highly elevated (P < 0.001). Levels of p53 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen did not change significantly, whereas number of AKs declined insignificantly in both placebo and treatment arms. Regression models showed significant decreases in putrescine, spermidine, spermine, and total polyamine concentrations following treatment. Topically applied DL-alpha-tocopherol was substantially absorbed in skin, but the 6-month application did not significantly reduce numbers of preexisting AKs on moderately to severely sun-damaged forearms. Increases in polyamine synthesis are expected during tumor initiation and promotion; conversely, the significant reductions in polyamine levels resulting from the topical DL-alpha-tocopherol application are consistent with reductions in tumorigenesis potential. Topical tocopherol did not normalize established sun-induced lesions, but DL-alpha-tocopherol-induced reductions in polyamine metabolism are consistent with the inhibition of skin squamous cell carcinogenesis as seen in previous human trials and animal models.
- Jacobs, E. T., Alberts, D. S., Foote, J. A., Green, S. B., Hollis, B. W., Yu, Z., & Martínez, M. E. (2008). Vitamin D insufficiency in southern Arizona. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 87(3).More infoVitamin D deficiency or insufficiency has been observed among populations in the northern United States. However, data on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in areas of high sun exposure, such as Arizona, are limited.
- Clouser, M., Harris, R., Roe, D., & Foote, J. (2007). The Effect of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) on Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer (NMSC) Incidence in the SKICAP-AK Trial: 023.. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 16.
- Blitz, C. L., Murphy, S. P., Au, D., Yonemori, K. M., Foote, J. A., & Kolonel, L. N. (2006). Creating default codes and assigning nutrient values for non-specific dietary supplements. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 19(5), 453--460.
- Murphy, S. P., Foote, J. A., Wilkens, L. R., Basiotis, P. P., Carlson, A., White, K. K., & Yonemori, K. M. (2006). Simple measures of dietary variety are associated with improved dietary quality. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 106(3).More infoThe objective of this study was to identify a measure of dietary variety that was associated with improved dietary quality and easily understood by consumers. Dietary quality was measured by nutrient adequacy and intakes of added sugars, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. We developed four definitions of dietary variety: (a) a count of basic commodities consumed; (b) a count of food codes reported; (c) a count of five Food Guide Pyramid (FGP) food groups consumed; and (d) a count of 22 FGP subgroups consumed. The analysis sample included 4,964 men and 4,797 women aged 19 years and older who participated in the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals 1994-96. For each day of dietary data, we examined associations of each type of dietary variety with several measures of dietary quality using Spearman's correlations and multivariate linear regression models. After adjusting for energy intake and the number of FGP food group servings, all types of dietary variety were positively associated with mean nutrient adequacy across 15 nutrients, but associations were strongest for commodity-based variety and for 22 FGP subgroup consumption variety. Likewise, all variety measures were inversely associated with intakes of added sugars and saturated fat, with commodity-based variety and 22 FGP subgroup variety the strongest. We conclude that variety measured using 22 FGP subgroups is preferable because it is a good predictor of dietary quality, is relatively simple to calculate, and is easy to explain to consumers.
- Harris, R. B., Foote, J. A., Hakim, I. A., Bronson, D. L., & Alberts, D. S. (2005). Fatty acid composition of red blood cell membranes and risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers, 14(4), 906--912.
- Alberts, D., Ranger-Moore, J., Einspahr, J., Saboda, K., Bozzo, P., Liu, Y., Xu, X., Lotan, R., Warneke, J., Salasche, S., Stratton, S., Levine, N., Goldman, R., Islas, M., Duckett, L., Thompson, D., Bartels, P., & Foote, J. (2004). Safety and efficacy of dose-intensive oral vitamin A in subjects with sun-damaged skin. Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.More infoPreviously, we reported the results of a Phase III, placebo-controlled trial in 2297 randomized participants with moderately severe actinic keratoses wherein 25000 IU/day vitamin A caused a 32% risk reduction in squamous cell skin cancers. We hypothesized that dose escalation of vitamin A to 50000 or 75000 IU/day would be both safe and more efficacious in skin cancer chemoprevention.
- Foote, J. A., Alberts, D. S., Ranger-Moore, J., & Einspahr, J. G. (2004). Erratum: Safety and efficacy of dose-intensive oral vitamin A in subjects with sun-damaged skin (Clinical Cancer Research (March 15, 2004) 10 (1875-1880)). Clinical Cancer Research, 10(16), 5640.
- Foote, J. A., Murphy, S. P., Wilkens, L. R., Basiotis, P. P., & Carlson, A. (2004). Dietary variety increases the probability of nutrient adequacy among adults. The Journal of nutrition, 134(7).More infoDespite guidance to consume a variety of foods, the role of dietary variety in ensuring nutrient adequacy is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether a commodity-based measure of dietary variety was associated with the probability of nutrient adequacy after adjusting for energy and food group intakes. Subjects were 4969 men and 4800 women >/= 19 y old who participated in the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes for Individuals 1994-1996. Using 24-h recall data, the mean probability of adequacy across 15 nutrients was calculated using the Dietary Reference Intakes. Dietary variety was defined using a commodity-based method similar to that used for the Healthy Eating Index (HEI). Associations were examined in gender-specific multivariate regression models. Energy intake was a strong predictor of the mean probability of adequacy in models controlled for age, BMI, education level, and ethnicity (model R(2) = 0.60 and 0.54 for men and women, respectively). Adding the number of servings from each of the 5 Food Guide Pyramid (FGP) groups to the models significantly improved the model fit (R(2) = 0.69 and 0.66 for men and women). Adding dietary variety again significantly improved the model fit for both men and women (R(2) = 0.73 and 0.70, respectively). Variety counts within the dairy and grain groups were most strongly associated with improved nutrient adequacy. Dietary variety as defined by the HEI contributes an additional component of dietary quality that is not captured by FGP servings or energy intake.
- Sedjo, R. L., Ranger-Moore, J., Foote, J., Craft, N. E., Alberts, D. S., Xu, M., & Giuliano, A. R. (2004). Circulating endogenous retinoic acid concentrations among participants enrolled in a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial of retinyl palmitate. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers, 13(11), 1687--1692.
- Sedjo, R. L., Ranger-Moore, J., Foote, J., Craft, N. E., Alberts, D. S., Xu, M., & Giuliano, A. R. (2004). Circulating endogenous retinoic acid concentrations among participants enrolled in a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial of retinyl palmitate. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 13(11 Pt 1).More infoRetinoids have been studied extensively for their chemopreventive properties. The biological activity of retinoids is acquired through their conversion to retinoic acid (RA). Characterization of endogenous circulating RA concentrations after supplementation with vitamin A over longer time periods has not been done previously. Our investigation was conducted to determine whether vitamin A (retinyl palmitate) supplementation significantly increases circulating RA concentrations of all-trans-, 9-cis-, and 13-cis-RA. Using plasma samples from 41 participants enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of placebo, 25,000, 50,000, or 75,000 IU supplemental retinyl palmitate daily, high-performance liquid chromatography analyses were conducted for concentrations of three RA isomers. Seven plasma samples were analyzed for each participant over a 16-month period. Based on an intention-to-treat analysis, results obtained using linear mixed models showed that supplementation with retinyl palmitate statistically significantly increased concentrations of all three RA isomers from baseline levels. This study suggests that supplementation with retinyl palmitate is an effective means to increase circulating all-trans, 9-cis-, and 13-cis-RA concentrations among humans.
- Foote, J. A., Murphy, S. P., Wilkens, L. R., Hankin, J. H., Henderson, B. E., & Kolonel, L. N. (2003). Factors associated with dietary supplement use among healthy adults of five ethnicities: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. American journal of epidemiology, 157(10).More infoParticipants of the Multiethnic Cohort Study in Hawaii and Los Angeles, California, a representative sample of African-American, Native Hawaiian, Latino, Japanese-American, and White adults, completed a baseline questionnaire in 1993-1996 assessing dietary supplement use during the past year as well as demographic, dietary, and other lifestyle factors. Factors associated with supplement use were examined among those who reported an absence of chronic disease (n = 100,196). Use of any of eight supplements at least once per week during the past year ranged from 44% among Hawaiian men to 75% among Japanese-American and White women. Multivitamins were the most frequently reported supplement; 48% of the men and 56% of the women reported regular use. Dietary supplement use was high across all ethnic groups, although levels and length of regular use varied. In all gender-specific ethnic groups, supplement use tended to increase with age, education, physical activity, fruit intake, and dietary fiber intake and to decrease with obesity, smoking, and dietary fat intake. Participants whose lifestyles were healthier were more likely to use dietary supplements. Therefore, it may be difficult to separate the effects of supplement use from other lifestyle factors when studying disease etiology.
- Murphy, S. P., Wilkens, L. R., Hankin, J. H., Foote, J. A., Monroe, K. R., Henderson, B. E., & Kolonel, L. N. (2002). Comparison of two instruments for quantifying intake of vitamin and mineral supplements: a brief questionnaire versus three 24-hour recalls. American journal of epidemiology, 156(7).More infoAlthough methods of collecting food intake data have been studied intensively, there have been fewer investigations into the collection of supplement intake data. Use of eight types of vitamin and mineral supplements was reported between 1994 and 1997 by 2,377 subjects participating in a calibration substudy of the Hawaii-Los Angeles Multiethnic Cohort Study. Subjects gave information on supplement use as part of a dietary questionnaire (administered twice) and during three 24-hour dietary recalls. Multivitamins were the most commonly used supplements (55% of the subjects), followed by vitamin C (40%), vitamin E (33%), and calcium (29%). Vitamin A, beta-carotene, selenium, and iron supplements were each used by fewer than 10% of the subjects. Weighted kappa statistics for agreement between the recalls and the questionnaire across six categories of frequency of use ranged from 0.74 for vitamin E to 0.16 for vitamin A and were generally higher for frequently used supplements. The reproducibility of questionnaire responses at two time points varied from 0.64 to 0.39. In comparison with three recalls, a brief questionnaire can accurately and reproducibly capture data on supplement use for frequently consumed products, but it may perform less well for products used less often or more intermittently.
- Foote, J. A., Harris, R. B., Giuliano, A. R., Roe, D. J., Moon, T. E., Cartmel, B., & Alberts, D. S. (2001). Predictors for cutaneous basal-and squamous-cell carcinoma among actinically damaged adults. International journal of cancer, 95(1), 7--11.
- Alberts, D. S., Dorr, R. T., Einspahr, J. G., Aickin, M., Saboda, K., Xu, M. J., Peng, Y., Goldman, R., Foote, J. A., Warneke, J. A., & others, . (2000). Chemoprevention of human actinic keratoses by topical 2-(difluoromethyl)-dl-ornithine. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers, 9(12), 1281--1286.
- Foote, J. A. (2000). Dietary fat association with nonmelanoma skin cancer among predisposed individuals.
- Foote, J. A., Giuliano, A. R., & Harris, R. B. (2000). Older adults need guidance to meet nutritional recommendations. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 19(5), 628--640.
- Foote, J., & Harris, R. (2000). Reliability of self-reported skin type definitions.. American Journal of Epidemiology, 151(11).
- Foote, J. A., Harris, R. B., Gilles, M. E., Ahner, H., Roice, D., Becksted, T., Messinger, T., Bunch, R., & Bilant, K. (1996). Physician advice and tobacco use: a survey of 1st-year college students. Journal of American college health : J of ACH, 45(3).More infoFirst-year college students were surveyed by telephone to determine their current level of tobacco use and find out what advice they had previously received from physicians regarding tobacco products. Current tobacco use reported in this 1st-year population was 19% in men and 17% in women. Although 99.6% of the students reported having had a medical visit within the last 5 years and 89% reported a visit within the past 12 months, only 26% remembered being asked at the last visit about their use of tobacco. Women were significantly more likely than men to have been asked about tobacco (31% compared with 21%), perhaps because of oral contraceptive counseling and the women's medical history. It appeared that healthcare providers are not fully using the opportunities available to them to educate young adults about using tobacco.
- Hakim, I. A., Aldaham, S. A., Foote, J., & Chow, H. H. (2017). Modulating effects of green and black tea on biomarkers of chronic inflammation by gender and smoking status. In CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS \& PREVENTION, 26.
- Foote, J. A., & Poole, C. (2006). Regional differences in melanoma awareness.. In AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 163.
- Foote, J., Murphy, S., White, K., Wilkens, L., Basiotis, P., & Carlson, A. (2004). Variety in the diet is not equal to counting foods. In AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, 159.
- Murphy, S. P., Foote, J. A., & Wilkens, L. R. (2004). Dietary variety increases the probability of nutrient adequacy. In FASEB JOURNAL, 18.
- Nguyen, M., Foote, J. A., Mahnert, N., & Gray, K. (2019, May). Surgical Equipment and medication price awareness amongst obstetrician gynecologists.. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2019 Annual Clinical and Scientific Meeting.. Nashville, TN: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
- Foote, J. A. (2016, June). Two Decades of Ups and Downs in Club Running: The Phoenix Metropolitan Area Experience. 7th International Conference on Sport and Society. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii: Sport and Society Research Network.More infoStaying physically active is a primary component of individual wellness. Hosted runs and walks are among the most accessible participatory sporting events. This project examines trends, over a two- decade time-period, in the events hosted by the Arizona Road Racers, a non-profit, volunteer, family-oriented running club. Trends in the number of different distance events and clustering of events (hosting multiple distances during a single event to facilitate a broader range of participants) yearly are summarized. Dynamics within the club and increased competition from outside event timing companies led to a more than three-fold variation in the number of events hosted annually by the club. Yearly events peaked during the period of 1999 – 2004. After separation of the timing services from the club focus, a core calendar of club events remain. Gender and age group variation in participation rates, winning times, average completion time and total course completion time are examined overall and within the core calendar events. Summary findings are compared to chronic disease trends in the hosting community (Maricopa County) over the same time-period.
- Celaya, M. P., Dennis, L. K., Harris, R. B., Roe, D., & Foote, J. A. (2019, November). Prediction of Attrition From a Medical Weight Loss Intervention With Community Hospital Employees. Obesity Week 2019 - TOS.
- Leovic, M., Perlow, J., Foote, J. A., Huls, C. K., Fuller, K., Starikov, R., Hannaford, K., Detlefs, C., Borst, M., & Bhoola, S. (2019, February). Anterior placentation, prior cesarean section, no previa - what is the risk of accreta?. Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine 2019 Annual Meeting. Las vegas, NV: Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine.
- Leovic, M., Perlow, J., Foote, J. A., Huls, C. K., Fuller, K., Starikov, R., Hannaford, K., Detlefs, C., Borst, M., & Bhoola, S. (2019, February). Efficacy of imaging modalities in the antenatal diagnosis of abnormally-invasive placentation, a single-site experience.. Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine 2019 Annual Meeting. Las vegas, NV: Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine.
- Leovic, M., Perlow, J., Foote, J. A., Huls, C. K., Fuller, K., Starikov, R., Hannaford, K., Detlefs, C., Borst, M., & Bhoola, S. (2019, February). Impact of hysterectomy closure at time of cesarian section on future development of abnormally-invasive placentation.. Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine 2019 Annual Meeting. Las vegas, NV: Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine.
- Archer, T., Hebert, L., Larsen, M., Foote, J. A., & Valencia, C. I. (2018, October). Healthy food consumption and Latino youth in the Saludable Study. 5th Annual Health Equity Conference. Glendale, AZ: Arizona Health Equity Organization.
- Kim, M., Adam, R. H., Foote, J. A., & Shah, N. (2018, February). Evaluation of the utility of computed tomography scanning in pediatric stem cell transplant patients with fever and neutropenia.. American Society of Bone Mineral Transplantation - Tandom Meetings. Salt Lake City, Utah: American Society of Bone Mineral Transplantation.More infoAssessment of the effectiveness of computed tomography in altering the treatment course among pediatric stem cell patients that present with fever.
- Lay, K., Soto, D., Olague, J., Foote, J. A., & Valencia, C. I. (2018, October). Saludable: Combating pediatric obesity through stress relief.. 5th Annual Arizona Health Equity Conference. Glendale, AZ: Arizona Health Equity Organization.
- Rodriguez, M. D., Foote, J. A., & Pogreba Brown, K. M. (2017, Summer). Descriptive Analysis of Opioid-related Events Presenting to Emergency Departments in Arizona, 2014. UROC-PREP 2017. The University of Arizona: UROC-PREP.
- Shah, N. C., Foote, J. A., Douglas, D., Magee, K., Beebe, K., Salzberg, D., & Adams, R. H. (2016, February). Impact of conditioning regimen in allogenic stem cell transplant for acute Myeloid Leukemia: The Phoenix Children's Hospital Experience. American Society of Bone Marrow Transplants, Tandem Meetings. Honolulu, Hawai'i: American Society of Bone Marrow Transplants.
- Pandurangi, S., Wellnitz, C., Foote, J. A., Bassi, h., Nigro, J. J., Velez, D., & Willis, B. (2015, April). Comparison of Postoperative Respiratory Function in Neonates with Hypoplastic Left heart Syndrome Following First Stage Palliation. Academic Research Day (Valley Medical Institutions). College of Medicine - Phoenix, Arizona.
- Hakim, I. A., Aldaham, S. A., Foote, J., & Chow, H. S. (2017). Abstract B14: Modulating effects of green and black tea on biomarkers of chronic inflammation by gender and smoking status.
- Foote, J. A. (2015, December). Draft report: Arizona Medical Marijuana Annual Report. ADHS.More infoDraft of Annual Medical Marijuana Report required by legislation.