Kathleen L Prudic
- Assistant Professor, Citizen and Data Science
Kathleen ‘Katy’ Prudic is an entomologist interested in discovering how ecological and evolutionary interactions promote biodiversity and how they can inform conservation decision making.
She is co-director of eButterfly, an online citizen science platform that harnesses the observations of thousands of butterfly enthusiasts across the globe to understand how and when butterflies and other pollinators react to environmental changes.
Her research encompasses precision conservation, human-computer networks, and data science.
Her discoveries have been published in as Science, Proceedings of the National Academy, Proceedings of the Royal Society B and Behavioral Ecology and covered by Associated Press, BBC, CBC, National Geographic and Smithsonian Magazine.
She teaches Insects and Culture (ENTO 160) online for the Department of Entomology at Arizona.
- Ph.D. Evolution and Ecology, Minor in Entomology
- University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States
- Warning and Deception: Chemical, Behavioral, and Phylogenetic Studies of Aposematic Coloration and Mimicry
- B.S. Evolution and Ecology
- University of California, Davis, Davis, California, United States
- Mimicry between California Sister and Lorquini's Admiral butterflies
- Entomology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (2016 - Ongoing)
- Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona (2015)
- Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Oregon State University (2014 - 2015)
- Integrative Biology, Oregon State University (2012 - 2015)
- Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University (2011 - 2012)
- College of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University (2010 - 2011)
- Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University (2007 - 2010)
Biodiversity, Citizen Science, Data Science, Insects and Human Culture, Ecology, Evolution, Plant-Animal Interactions
Animal Behavior, Biodiversity, Butterflies, Citizen Science, Data Science, Insects and Human Culture, Ecology Evolution, Plant-Animal Interactions, Pollinators
How Insects Shaped Human HistENTO 160D1 (Fall 2018)
How Insects Shaped Human HistENTO 160D1 (Summer I 2018)
How Insects Shaped Human HistENTO 160D1 (Summer I 2017)
How Insects Shaped Human HistENTO 160D1 (Summer I 2016)
- Prudic, K. L., Timmermann, B. N., Papaj, D. R., Ritland, D. B., & Oliver, J. C. (2019). Mimicry in viceroy butterflies is dependent on abundance of the model queen butterfly. Communications biology, 2, 68.More infoMimics should not exist without their models, yet often they do. In the system involving queen and viceroy butterflies, the viceroy is both mimic and co-model depending on the local abundance of the model, the queen. Here, we integrate population surveys, chemical analyses, and predator behavior assays to demonstrate how mimics may persist in locations with low-model abundance. As the queen becomes less locally abundant, the viceroy becomes more chemically defended and unpalatable to predators. However, the observed changes in viceroy chemical defense and palatability are not attributable to differing host plant chemical defense profiles. Our results suggest that mimetic viceroy populations are maintained at localities of low-model abundance through an increase in their toxicity. Sharing the burden of predator education in some places but not others may also lower the fitness cost of warning signals thereby supporting the origin and maintenance of aposematism.
- Prudic, K. L., Wilson, J. K., Toshack, M. C., Gerst, K. L., Rosemartin, A., Crimmins, T. M., & Oliver, J. C. (2019). Creating the Urban Farmer's Almanac with Citizen Science Data. Insects, 10(9).More infoAgriculture has long been a part of the urban landscape, from gardens to small scale farms. In recent decades, interest in producing food in cities has grown dramatically, with an estimated 30% of the global urban population engaged in some form of food production. Identifying and managing the insect biodiversity found on city farms is a complex task often requiring years of study and specialization, especially in urban landscapes which have a complicated tapestry of fragmentation, diversity, pollution, and introduced species. Supporting urban growers with relevant data informs insect management decision-making for both growers and their neighbors, yet this information can be difficult to come by. In this study, we introduced several web-based citizen science programs that can connect growers with useful data products and people to help with the who, what, where, and when of urban insects. Combining the power of citizen science volunteers with the efforts of urban farmers can result in a clearer picture of the diversity and ecosystem services in play, limited insecticide use, and enhanced non-chemical alternatives. Connecting urban farming practices with citizen science programs also demonstrates the ecosystem value of urban agriculture and engages more citizens with the topics of food production, security, and justice in their communities.
- Tyler, F., Larrivée, M., Prudic, K. L., & Ryan Norris, D. (2019). Estimating the annual distribution of monarch butterflies in Canada over 16 years using citizen science data. FACETS, 4(1), 238-253.
- Bhardwaj, S., Prudic, K. L., Bear, A., Dasgupta, M., Wasik, B. R., Tong, X., Cheong, W. F., Wenk, M. R., & Monteiro, A. (2018). Sex Differences in 20-Hydroxyecdysone Hormone Levels Control Sexual Dimorphism in Bicyclus anynana Wing Patterns. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 35(2), 465-472.
- Dornelas, M., Antao, L. H., Moyes, F., Bates, A. E., Magurran, A. E., Adam, D., Akhmetzhanova, A. A., Appeltans, W., Arcos, J. M., Arnold, H., Ayyappan, N., Badihi, G., Baird, A. H., Barbosa, M., Barreto, T. E., Baessler, C., Bellgrove, A., Belmaker, J., Benedetti-Cecchi, L., , Bett, B. J., et al. (2018). BioTIME: A database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene. GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY, 27(7), 760-786.
- Long, E. C., Brown, B. V., Oliver, J. C., & Prudic, K. L. (2018). Comparisons of Citizen Science Data-Gathering Approaches to Evaluate Urban Butterfly Diversity. Insects, 9(4), 186. doi:10.3390/insects9040186
- Oliver, J. C., Prudic, K. L., & Clement, W. L. (2018). Exploring how climate will impact plant-insect distributions and interactions using open data and informatics. Teaching Issues and Experiments in Ecology, 14.
- Bear, A., Prudic, K. L., & Monteiro, A. (2017). Steroid hormone signaling during development has a latent effect on adult male sexual behavior in the butterfly Bicyclus anynana. PLOS ONE, 12(3).
- Bhardwaj, S., Prudic, K. L., Bear, A., Gupta, M. D., Wasik, B. R., Tong, X., Cheong, W. F., Wenk, M. R., & Monteiro, A. (2017). Sex differences in 20-hydroxyecdysone hormone levels control sexual dimorphism in Bicyclus anynana butterfly wing patterns. Molecular Biology and Evolution.
- Prudic, K. L., McFarland, K. P., Oliver, J. C., Hutchinson, R. A., Long, E. C., Kerr, J. T., & Larrivée, M. (2017). eButterfly: Leveraging Massive Online Citizen Science for Butterfly Consevation. Insects, 8(2).More infoData collection, storage, analysis, visualization, and dissemination are changing rapidly due to advances in new technologies driven by computer science and universal access to the internet. These technologies and web connections place human observers front and center in citizen science-driven research and are critical in generating new discoveries and innovation in such fields as astronomy, biodiversity, and meteorology. Research projects utilizing a citizen science approach address scientific problems at regional, continental, and even global scales otherwise impossible for a single lab or even a small collection of academic researchers. Here we describe eButterfly an integrative checklist-based butterfly monitoring and database web-platform that leverages the skills and knowledge of recreational butterfly enthusiasts to create a globally accessible unified database of butterfly observations across North America. Citizen scientists, conservationists, policy makers, and scientists are using eButterfly data to better understand the biological patterns of butterfly species diversity and how environmental conditions shape these patterns in space and time. eButterfly in collaboration with thousands of butterfly enthusiasts has created a near real-time butterfly data resource producing tens of thousands of observations per year open to all to share and explore.
- Monteiro, A., Tong, X., Bear, A., Liew, S. F., Bhardwaj, S., Wasik, B. R., Dinwiddie, A., Bastianelli, C., Cheong, W. F., Wenk, M. R., Cao, H., & Prudic, K. L. (2015). Differential Expression of Ecdysone Receptor Leads to Variation in Phenotypic Plasticity across Serial Homologs. PLOS GENETICS, 11(9).
- Prudic, K. L., Stoehr, A. M., Wasik, B. R., & Monteiro, A. (2015). Eyespots deflect predator attack increasing fitness and promoting the evolution of phenotypic plasticity. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 282(1798).
- Bronstein, J., Davidowitz, G., Prudic, K. L., & Busby, K. (2018, June). Forecasting the developmental niche of Xylocopa californica in a changing thermal world. Entomological Society of America, Pacific Branch. Reno, NV: ESA.
- Prudic, K. L. (2017, August). Data Science and Biodiversity - Where do we go from here?. The Lepidopterists' Society. Tucson, Arizona: The Lepidopterists' Society.More infoKeynote address
- Prudic, K. L. (2017, January). Ecophysiology: tales from the field. Departmental SeminarUniversity of Illinois, Urbana-Champagne.
- Prudic, K. L., Kent, M. P., Rebecca, H., Oliver, J. C., Jeremy, K., Maxim, L., & Elizabeth, L. C. (2017, November). Real time massive online citizen science biodiversity programs: Lessons from butterflies. Entomological Society of America. Denver, CO.
Other Teaching Materials
- Clement, W. L., Prudic, K. L., & Oliver, J. C. (2019. Exploring how climate will impact plant-insect distributions and interactions using open data and informatics. QUBES Educational Resources.More infoThis teaching module provides an entry point for students to learn about data science, open data repositories (e.g., citizen science data), and species distribution modeling to study the effects of climate change on butterfly-host plant interactions.