John E Ehiri
- Professor, Public Health
- Department Chair, Health Promotion Sciences
Dr. Ehiri is a Professor of Public Health and Chair of the Department of Health Promotion Sciences in the University of Arizona’s Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health. He is a behavioral health scientist with >25 years of research and field experience in global health. His research focuses on global maternal and child health, and on infectious diseases with particular emphasis on HIV/AIDS, in keeping with its global importance. He obtained his MPH and PhD from Glasgow University in Scotland. He also has an MSc (Economics) in Health Policy & Planning from the University of Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom. Prior to moving to the United States in 2002, he was a Lecturer in International Health & Director of the Master of Community Health (MCommH) Program at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), England. At LSTM, he taught several courses in global health and managed a program that prepared students for their overseas field project and dissertation research, working in collaboration with Ministries of Health and development agencies in low- and middle-income countries. Dr. Ehiri was recruited by the University of Alabama at Birmingham’s School of Public Health in 2002. At UAB, he served as Chair of the University’s Framework for Global Health Program. He developed and piloted UAB’s first University approved Certificate Program in Global Health, which was later adopted as UAB's educational curriculum in international and global health studies. Dr. Ehiri joined the University of Arizona as Chair of the Department of Health Promotion Sciences in 2009. With funding from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), he developed the UA Graduate Certificate in Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology in 2010. He also developed the UA Certificate in Global Health in 2011 and remains the convener of the program. Over the years, Dr. Ehiri has developed and disseminated numerous policy frameworks for integrated approaches to health system development in low and middle-income countries. These frameworks have been widely cited in policy documents of the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the World Bank, USAID, and other leading global health agencies. He has also made significant contributions to the development of future generations of global health practitioners. He has supervised numerous masters’ and doctoral research projects globally. Many of his former trainees hold leadership positions in national Ministries of Health, and in global health practice and research world-wide. Some of his peer-reviewed publications can be found on PUBMED database at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Ehiri+J. His edited textbook, “Maternal and Child Health: Global Challenges, Programs, and Policies (Springer 2009) is available at: http://www.springer.com/us/book/9780387892443.
- Ph.D. Public Health
- Glasgow University, Glasgow, Scotland, Scotland, United Kingdom
- Evaluation of implementation of the hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) system, and food hygiene training in Scotland
- M.S. Health Policy & Planning; Health Economics; Health Systems Administration
- Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom
- The role of socioeconomic factors in infant and child mortality in Nigeria.
- MPH Public Health
- Glasgow University, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
- Evaluation of the role of health visitors in the prevention of home injuries involving children in northwest Glasgow, Scotland
- University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (2009 - Ongoing)
- University of Alabama at Birmingham (2002 - 2009)
- Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (1999 - 2002)
- De Montfort University (1997 - 1999)
- US Fulbright Scholar
- US State Department/Fulbright Commission/Council for International Exchange of Scholars (CIES), the scholar division of the Institute of International Education (IIE)., Spring 2017
Licensure & Certification
- Registered Environmental Health Specialist, West Africa Health Examinations Board (1986)
HIV/AIDS; Global Infectious Disease Control; Behavioral Interventions
Global Health; Global Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child health; Program Planning and Evaluation; Evidence-Based Methods; Policy Analysis
Changing Health PolicyEPID 606 (Spring 2019)
DissertationHPS 920 (Spring 2019)
Global HealthHPS 533 (Spring 2019)
Master's ReportHPS 909 (Spring 2019)
DissertationHPS 920 (Fall 2018)
Master's ReportHPS 909 (Fall 2018)
DissertationHPS 920 (Summer I 2018)
Master's ReportHPS 909 (Summer I 2018)
Pub Hlth Rsrch And EvalHPS 628 (Summer I 2018)
DissertationHPS 920 (Spring 2018)
Global HealthHPS 533 (Spring 2018)
Master's ReportHPS 909 (Spring 2018)
DissertationHPS 920 (Fall 2017)
DissertationCPH 920 (Summer I 2017)
Master's ReportCPH 909 (Summer I 2017)
Pub Hlth Rsrch And EvalCPH 628 (Summer I 2017)
DissertationCPH 920 (Spring 2017)
Master's ReportCPH 909 (Spring 2017)
ResearchCPH 900 (Spring 2017)
Master's ReportCPH 909 (Fall 2016)
ResearchCPH 900 (Fall 2016)
Soc/Cult+Behav Apct PhlCPH 577 (Fall 2016)
Master's ReportCPH 909 (Summer I 2016)
- Asaolu, I. O., Alaofè, H., Gunn, J. K., Adu, A. K., Monroy, A. J., Ehiri, J. E., Hayden, M. H., & Ernst, K. C. (2018). Measuring Women's Empowerment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses of the Demographic and Health Surveys. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 994.More infoWomen's status and empowerment influence health, nutrition, and socioeconomic status of women and their children. Despite its benefits, however, research on women's empowerment in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is limited in scope and geography. Empowerment is variably defined and data for comparison across regions is often limited. The objective of the current study was to identify domains of empowerment from a widely available data source, Demographic and Health Surveys, across multiple regions in SSA. Demographic and Health Surveys from nineteen countries representing four African regions were used for the analysis. A total of 26 indicators across different dimensions (economic, socio-cultural, education, and health) were used to characterize women's empowerment. Pooled data from all countries were randomly divided into two datasets-one for exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and the other for Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)-to verify the factor structure hypothesized during EFA. Four factors including attitudes toward violence, labor force participation, education, and access to healthcare were found to define women's empowerment in Central, Southern, and West Africa. However, in East Africa, only three factors were relevant: attitudes toward violence, access to healthcare ranking, and labor force participation. There was limited evidence to support household decision-making, life course, or legal status domains as components of women's empowerment. This foremost study advances scholarship on women's empowerment by providing a validated measure of women's empowerment for researchers and other stakeholders in health and development.
- Ehiri, J., Alaofè, H., Asaolu, I., Chebet, J., Esu, E., & Meremikwu, M. (2018). Emergency transportation interventions for reducing adverse pregnancy outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol. Systematic reviews, 7(1), 65.More infoTransportation interventions seek to decrease delay in reaching a health facility for emergency obstetric care and are, thus, believed to contribute to reductions in such adverse pregnancy and childbirth outcomes as maternal deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is limited empirical evidence to support this hypothesis. The objective of the proposed review is to summarize and critically appraise evidence regarding the effect of emergency transportation interventions on outcomes of labor and delivery in LMICs.
- Ezeanolue, E. E., Pharr, J. R., Patel, D. V., Ezeanolue, C. O., Obiefune, M. C., Ogidi, A. G., & Ehiri, J. E. (2018). Developing a theoretical framework for a complex maternal-child health intervention: Health beginning initiative. Health promotion practice, 1524839918782929.More infoA theoretical framework serves as a roadmap for the implementation and application of a complex, health promotion intervention; is used to test hypotheses; and guides analysis and evaluation of the intervention. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how a theoretical framework was developed and used to guide the implementation of Healthy Beginning Initiative (HBI) to promote uptake of HIV services in a low-income country. We used the guide for developing a theoretical framework published in Health Promotion Practice. Developing the theoretical framework included seven steps: (1) identifying the essential elements of the intervention; (2) identifying the variables and the context; (3) listing the postulated mechanisms, mediating variables, and postulated outcomes; (4) identifying existing theoretical models supporting the theoretical framework underdevelopment; (5) scripting the theoretical framework into either a figure or sets of statements; (6) conducting content and face validation of the theoretical framework; and (7) revising the theoretical framework. The theoretical framework was developed and used to evaluate HBI's impact on HIV testing, linkage to care and retention in care for pregnant women, their male partners, and newborns. The theoretical framework will also be adapted for other screenings and other settings while remaining true to the essential elements of HBI.
- Iwelunmor, J., Blackstone, S., Jennings, L., Converse, D., Ehiri, J., & Curley, J. (2018). Determinants of HIV testing and receipt of test results among adolescent girls in Nigeria: the role of assets and decision-making. International journal of adolescent medicine and health.More infoPurpose Many adolescent girls in Nigeria do not test for HIV despite being at high risk. While the influence of psychosocial factors on HIV testing has been examined, there is less evidence regarding the impact of assets and control of assets on HIV testing. This study investigated the protective effects of specific adolescent girls' assets on decision-making regarding HIV testing. Methods Cross-sectional data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was analyzed. The main outcome variables were self-reports of having been tested for HIV and knowledge of a place that offers HIV testing. Binary logistic regression was used with employment, education, wealth index, home ownership, land ownership and decision making as potential predictors. Demographic characteristics were controlled in the analysis. Results Age [odds ratio (OR = 1.49)], employment (OR = 3.38), education (OR = 3.16), wealth index (OR = 1.33) and decision making (OR = 3.16) were positively associated with HIV testing. Age (OR = 1.20), employment (OR = 1.33), education (OR = 1.38), wealth (OR = 1.64), land ownership (OR = 1.42), and decision making (OR = 1.26) were positively associated with knowledge of an HIV testing location. Conclusion Our findings suggest that assets play an important role with HIV testing decisions for adolescent girls. Further research to elucidate the specific asset-based needs of adolescent girls will be needed to enhance decisions surrounding uptake of HIV testing and receipt of test results in Nigeria.
- Asaolu, I., Frisch, A., Kato-Lagumbay, K., Valencia, C., Nunez, A., Ehiri, J. E., & Rosales, C. (2018, November). Medical Marijuana as a substitution for Opioids: A Systematic Review. Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association. San Diego: American Public Health Association.
- Chebet, J., Thomson, C., Ehiri, J. E., & Bell, M. (2018, November). Antecedent Health Behavior and Obesity-Related Cancer Risk in Non-Hispanic Black Women: Results from the Women Health Initiative. Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association. San Diego: American Public Health Association.
- Peterson, R., Fain, M., Butler, E., Ehiri, J. E., & Carvajal, S. (2018, Nov. 10 - Nov. 14). Mechanisms for race and gender disparities in cognitive decline: A systematic review. Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA). San Diego, CA.: American Public Health Association (APHA).
- Chebet, J., Thomson, C. A., Ehiri, J. E., & Bell, M. L. (2018, Fall). Abstract: Antecedent Health Behavior and Obesity-Related cancer risk in Non-Hispanic Black Women: Results from the Women Health Initiative. APHA. San Diego, CA.
- Thomson, C. A., Dickeson, K., Kohler, L. N., Garcia, D. O., Harris, R. B., & Ehiri, J. E. (2018, Fall). Abstract: STEP-Up for Cancer Prevention. UACC Scientific Retreat.